capsule

noun
cap·​sule | \ ˈkap-səl How to pronounce capsule (audio) , -(ˌ)sül also -ˌsyül\

Definition of capsule

 (Entry 1 of 3)

1a : a membrane or sac enclosing a body part (such as a knee joint or kidney)
b : either of two layers of white matter in the cerebrum
2 : a closed receptacle containing spores or seeds: such as
a : a dry dehiscent usually many-seeded fruit composed of two or more carpels
b : the spore case of a moss
3 : a shell usually of gelatin for packaging something (such as a drug or vitamins) also : a usually medicinal or nutritional preparation for oral use consisting of the shell and its contents
4 : an often polysaccharide envelope surrounding a microorganism
5 : an extremely brief condensation : outline, survey capsules of history given to students
6a : a compact often sealed and detachable container or compartment
b : a small pressurized compartment or vehicle (as for space flight)

capsule

verb
capsuled; capsuling

Definition of capsule (Entry 2 of 3)

transitive verb

1 : to equip with or enclose in a capsule
2 : to condense into or devise in a compact form capsuled the news

capsule

adjective

Definition of capsule (Entry 3 of 3)

1 : extremely brief a capsule biography
2 : small and very compact a capsule submarine

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Examples of capsule in a Sentence

Noun

took an antibiotic capsule three times a day for a week a capsule containing all sorts of items from our era that is to be opened 100 years from now

Verb

newscasts that capsule complex, important stories into one-minute bits for easy digestion by viewers

Adjective

capsule reviews of the latest offerings at the multiplex
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Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

On the other hand, maybe they could be put in a capsule and flown to the moon. Michael Granberry, Dallas News, "Some people say it never happened, but this Dallas author says we can and will return to the moon," 3 July 2019 This test had to be successful before astronauts can fly in the capsule. Alex Stuckey, Houston Chronicle, "NASA's Orion program makes appearance at Freedom Over Texas Festival," 3 July 2019 It is commonly sold at smoke shops, gas stations or online as a powder or in a capsule. Ryan W. Miller, USA TODAY, "Kratom is not a cure for opioid addiction, FDA says in cracking down on illegal marketing," 26 June 2019 Sometimes, a person would need an injection, as the B12 in a capsule would not be absorbed, either. Steven Dekosky, The Conversation, "Supplements for brain health show no benefit – a neurologist explains a new study," 20 June 2019 In a preview video for the collaboration, H&M teased a few elements from Giambattista Valli’s DNA shoppers can look forward to seeing in this capsule: colorful fabrics, full skirts, and playful embellished details. Glamour, "H&M x Giambattista Valli Is Happening—And Way Sooner Than You Think," 23 May 2019 The current crew on the ISS arrived at the ISS in early June in a Soyuz capsule. Loren Grush, The Verge, "Three astronauts will launch to space on Monday — two months after botched flight," 2 Dec. 2018 Less than two weeks ago, a Soyuz rocket took off with a Russian cosmonaut and a NASA astronaut riding in a Soyuz capsule. Eric Berger, Ars Technica, "NASA chief says agency plans to launch crew on Soyuz in December," 23 Oct. 2018 The setback comes two months after a crew on the station found a hole in a Soyuz escape capsule. Andy Pasztor, WSJ, "Rocket Launch Setback Threatens to Hobble U.S. Space Exploration," 11 Oct. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

A capsule summary on Tuesday for an article about the decades-long rivalry between Saudi Arabia and Qatar omitted the context in describing the population of Qatar. New York Times, "Corrections: June 15, 2017," 14 June 2017 Capsule previews of Saturday's high school championships in baseball, softball, lacrosse and track and field. Hartford Courant, courant.com, "Previewing Saturday's High School Championships," 9 June 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'capsule.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of capsule

Noun

circa 1693, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Verb

1859, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Adjective

1938, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for capsule

Noun

French, from Latin capsula, diminutive of capsa box — more at case

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Statistics for capsule

Last Updated

14 Jul 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for capsule

The first known use of capsule was circa 1693

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More Definitions for capsule

capsule

noun

English Language Learners Definition of capsule

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: a very small container that is filled with medicine and swallowed whole
: a small glass or plastic container that has something (such as a liquid) inside of it
: a small part of a spacecraft that is separate from the rest of the spacecraft and that is where people live and work

capsule

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of capsule (Entry 2 of 2)

: very short

capsule

noun
cap·​sule | \ ˈkap-səl How to pronounce capsule (audio) \

Kids Definition of capsule

1 : a case enclosing the seeds or spores of a plant
2 : a small case of material that contains medicine to be swallowed
3 : a closed compartment for travel in space

capsule

noun
cap·​sule | \ ˈkap-səl, -(ˌ)sül How to pronounce capsule (audio) \

Medical Definition of capsule

1a : a membrane or saclike structure enclosing a part or organ the capsule of the kidney
b : either of two layers or laminae of white matter in the cerebrum:
(1) : a layer that consists largely of fibers passing to and from the cerebral cortex and that lies internal to the lentiform nucleus

called also internal capsule

(2) : one that lies between the lentiform nucleus and the claustrum

called also external capsule

2 : a shell usually of gelatin for packaging something (as a drug or vitamins) also : a usually medicinal or nutritional preparation for oral use consisting of the shell and its contents
3 : a viscous or gelatinous often polysaccharide envelope surrounding certain microscopic organisms (as the pneumococcus)

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Comments on capsule

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