birefringence

noun
bi·​re·​frin·​gence | \ ˌbī-ri-ˈfrin-jən(t)s How to pronounce birefringence (audio) \
plural birefringences

Definition of birefringence

1 : the refraction of light in an anisotropic material (such as calcite) in two slightly different directions to form two rays According to G. Blom of Philips, video disc acrylics must be optically clear and free of striations and birefringence. Clear vinyl often is highly birefringent.Technical Survey

called also double refraction

2 : the visual effect produced by birefringence The diagnosis was made before scanning in 22 patients by the detection of deposits with apple-green birefringence— Philip N. Hawkins et al.
3 : the difference between the angles of refraction of light rays exhibiting birefringence

Other Words from birefringence

birefringent \ ˌbī-​ri-​ˈfrin-​jənt How to pronounce birefringent (audio) \ adjective

First Known Use of birefringence

1879, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for birefringence

International Scientific Vocabulary bi- entry 1 + refringent refracting, from Latin refringent-, refringens, present participle of refringere to break up — more at refract

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Dictionary Entries near birefringence

birectangular

birefracting

birefraction

birefringence

bireme

biretta

Birgus

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Time Traveler for birefringence

The first known use of birefringence was in 1879

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More Definitions for birefringence

birefringence

noun
bi·​re·​frin·​gence | \ ˌbī-ri-ˈfrin-jən(t)s How to pronounce birefringence (audio) \

Medical Definition of birefringence

: the refraction of light in an anisotropic material in two slightly different directions to form two rays also : the visual effect produced by birefringence The diagnosis was made before scanning in 22 patients by the detection of deposits with apple-green birefringence— Philip N. Hawkins et al., The New England Journal of Medicine, 23 Aug. 1990

Other Words from birefringence

birefringent \ -​jənt How to pronounce birefringent (audio) \ adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on birefringence

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about birefringence

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