aus·​tra·​lo·​pith·​e·​cine | \ ȯ-ˌstrā-lō-ˈpi-thə-ˌsīn How to pronounce australopithecine (audio) , ä-; ˌȯs-trə-, ˌäs-\

Definition of australopithecine

: any of various extinct hominids (genera Australopithecus and Paranthropus) that existed two to four million years ago in southern and eastern Africa and include gracile and robust forms exhibiting bipedal locomotion, near-human dentition, and relatively small brains

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from australopithecine

australopithecine adjective

Examples of australopithecine in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Our distant ancestors, such as the famous fossil Lucy and other australopithecines, matured quickly and died young like chimps. Ann Gibbons, Science | AAAS, "Neandertals, like humans, may have had long childhoods," 21 Sep. 2017 To a 3-foot-tall hobbit — about the same size as their distant australopithecine forebears — the 6-foot stork would have been huge, but in truth this bird was not much larger than its close relatives. Brian Switek, WIRED, "Legend of the Killer Storks," 4 Jan. 2011

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'australopithecine.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of australopithecine

1943, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for australopithecine

ultimately from Latin australis + Greek pithēkos ape

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about australopithecine

Statistics for australopithecine

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for australopithecine

The first known use of australopithecine was in 1943

See more words from the same year

Comments on australopithecine

What made you want to look up australopithecine? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).


showing great care, attention, and effort

Get Word of the Day daily email!

Test Your Vocabulary

Finance Words Quiz

  • a-piggy-bank
  • The etymology of mortgage is related most closely to which two words?
Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

Syn City

Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!