Definition of atrophy
1 : decrease in size or wasting away of a body part or tissue atrophy of muscles; also : arrested development or loss of a part or organ incidental to the normal development or life of an animal or plant
2 : a wasting away or progressive decline It was not a solitude of atrophy, of negation, but of perpetual flowering. — Willa Cather an atrophy of imagination
atrophicplay \(ˌ)ā-ˈtrō-fik\ adjective
atrophyplay \ˈa-trə-fē, -ˌfī\ verb muscles atrophying from lack of use Communion with nature strengthens both body and soul; isolation from nature causes both to atrophy. — Mark Purcell
Examples of atrophy in a Sentence
The doctor is concerned about possible atrophy of the shoulder muscles.
Recent Examples of atrophy from the Web
Duthion has spinal muscular atrophy and requires the use of the mechanical wheelchair to get around, Lucie told Le Progrès.
Insurers are also restricting coverage of a similarly expensive drug, Spinraza, which treats another rare disease, spinal muscular atrophy.
To put the atrophy into perspective, a single episode of a typically modest television show can cost $3 million to shoot and produce.
Richard Brichacek suffered from Carcot-Marie-Tooth syndrome, a form of muscular atrophy, and depended on his wife and family members to care for him, prosecutors said.
Researchers discovered that the moderate group was three times more likely to have hippocampal atrophy compared with people who didn't drink at all.
The cause was multiple system atrophy, a progressive neurodegenerative disorder, said his wife, Meredith Hargrave.
But MCC president Rafael Goyeneche said in an interview that the ramifications of allowing the NOPD's atrophy are likely to be felt for many more years unless Landrieu and his successor invest in the retention of veteran officers.
Every year, millions of women in the United States suffer post-menopausal changes in their lives, including symptoms of vaginal atrophy.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'atrophy.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
What Can atrophy?
From its literal Greek roots, atrophy would mean basically "lack of nourishment". Although the English word doesn't usually imply any lack of food, it always refers to a wasting away. Those who have been bedridden for a period of time will notice that their muscles have atrophied. And muscular atrophy is a frequent result of such diseases as cancer and AIDS. We also use atrophy in a much more general sense. After being out of work a few years, you may find your work skills have atrophied; someone who's been living an isolated life may discover the same thing about his or her social skills; and a democracy can atrophy when its citizens cease to pay attention to how they're being governed.
Origin and Etymology of atrophy
Late Latin atrophia, from Greek, from atrophos ill fed, from a- + trephein to nourish
First Known Use: 1601See Words from the same year
ATROPHY Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of atrophy for English Language Learners
medical : gradual loss of muscle or flesh usually because of disease or lack of use
Medical Definition of atrophy
: decrease in size or wasting away of a body part or tissue; also : arrested development or loss of a part or organ incidental to the normal development or life of an animal or plant
Seen and Heard
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