Definition of atom
1a : the smallest particle of an element that can exist either alone or in combination an atom of hydrogenb : the atom considered as a source of vast potential constructive or destructive energy … a largely forgotten legacy of this country's conquest of the atom. — William J. Broad … when Congress passed the Atomic Energy Act in 1954 and allowed private utilities to “harness the atom.” — Barry Werth
2 : a tiny particle : bit There's not an atom of truth in what he said.
3 : one of the minute indivisible particles of which according to ancient materialism (see materialism 1a) the universe is composed
Examples of atom in a Sentence
There is not an atom of truth to what he said.
give me just one atom of information about the novel's surprise ending
Recent Examples of atom from the Web
The high-speed collisions at the world's biggest atom smasher created for a fraction of a second a baryon particle called Xi cc, said Oxford physicist Guy Wilkinson, who is part of the experiment.
The high-speed collisions at the world’s biggest atom smasher created for a fraction of a second a baryon particle called Xi cc, said Oxford physicist Guy Wilkinson, who is part of the experiment.
When the materials are pulled apart, there tends to be an imbalance of electrons left over, with some of the atoms of the materials gaining extra electrons than others.
This imbalance creates an electric charge on the materials, and the materials' atoms desire to return to neutral charge means electricity has been born.
One option: small nuclear fission reactors, which work by splitting uranium atoms to generate heat, which is then converted into electric power.
The story of these fears begins at home in the US with the atom bomb.
That airglow arises when individual gas atoms—previously created when ultraviolet light blasted gas molecules apart—
Each pitch brings a slow diligence as if scrubbing for surgery or calibrating the splitting of an atom.
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'atom.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Did You Know?
Some ancient philosophers believed that matter is infinitely divisible, that any particle, no matter how small, can always be divided into smaller particles. Others believed that there must be a limit and that everything in the universe must be made up of tiny indivisible particles. Such a hypothetical particle was called atomos in Greek, which means “indivisible.” According to modern atomic theory, all matter is made up of tiny particles named atoms from the ancient Greek atomos. However, it has turned out that atoms are not indivisible after all. Indeed, the splitting of atoms can be used to produce vast amounts of energy, as in atom bombs.
Origin and Etymology of atom
Middle English, from Latin atomus, from Greek atomos, from atomos indivisible, from a- + temnein to cut
First Known Use: 15th centurySee Words from the same year
ATOM Defined for English Language Learners
Definition of atom for English Language Learners
: the smallest particle of a substance that can exist by itself or be combined with other atoms to form a molecule
: a very small amount of something
ATOM Defined for Kids
History for atom
The English word atom came from a Greek word atomos, meaning “not able to be divided.” Ancient Greek philosophers believed that matter could only be divided to the very smallest particles, atoms, which could not be further divided. Modern science revived the atom idea, but it was discovered that even atoms could be split, and that doing so produced great amounts of energy.
Seen and Heard
What made you want to look up atom? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).