ar·​chae·​ol·​o·​gy | \ ˌär-kē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce archaeology (audio) \
variants: or archeology

Definition of archaeology

1 : the scientific study of material remains (such as tools, pottery, jewelry, stone walls, and monuments) of past human life and activities
2 : remains of the culture of a people : antiquities the archaeology of the Incas

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Other Words from archaeology

archaeological \ ˌär-​kē-​ə-​ˈlä-​ji-​kəl How to pronounce archaeological (audio) \ adjective
archaeologically \ ˌär-​kē-​ə-​ˈlä-​ji-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce archaeologically (audio) \ adverb
archaeologist \ ˌär-​kē-​ˈä-​lə-​jist How to pronounce archaeologist (audio) \ noun

Examples of archaeology in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The research is published in the journal internet archaeology. Fox News, "Mysterious ring of Neolithic underground structures discovered near Stonehenge," 23 June 2020 According to archaeology reports, more than 1,000 people were buried at the Alamo during and after the mission era. Scott Huddleston,, "Alamo launches search for new leader as CEO decides not to renew contract," 23 June 2020 Galactic archaeology is a really great term, especially for cocktail parties. Kelly P. Franklin, USA TODAY, "Black in Academia: An interview with UT astronomer Keith Hawkins," 20 June 2020 Facts and fictions Just as archaeology has shown that Amazons were not pure fantasy, other mistaken ideas about Amazons can also be discarded. National Geographic, "The fierce Amazons were more than just a myth—they were real," 18 June 2020 Sources are scant and, as Mr Boin admits, his narrative is a patchwork: a snippet of archaeology here, a strand of military handbook there, all tied together with excerpts from general histories of the period. The Economist, "Goths v Romans A brilliant Goth’s-eye view of the sack of Rome," 20 June 2020 An archaeology game set in the 1930s, Call of the Sea seems like a great blend of puzzles and exploration, with a supernatural element layered on top. Hayden Dingman, PCWorld, "Future Games Show finishes off a big not-E3 day with more must-watch game reveals," 13 June 2020 Newer techniques cast doubt on Botai As the 2020s begin, the pace of technological innovation in archaeology continues to accelerate. William Taylor, The Conversation, "Humans domesticated horses – new tech could help archaeologists figure out where and when," 2 Mar. 2020 In radar images, the result is an accidentally perfect logo for Viking Age archaeology: the hull of a ship in a circle. Kiona N. Smith, Ars Technica, "Aerial radar turns up a Viking ship in a farmer’s field," 3 Dec. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'archaeology.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of archaeology

1837, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for archaeology

French archéologie, from Late Latin archaeologia antiquarian lore, from Greek archaiologia, from archaio- + -logia -logy

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Time Traveler for archaeology

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The first known use of archaeology was in 1837

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Statistics for archaeology

Last Updated

4 Jul 2020

Cite this Entry

“Archaeology.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 12 Jul. 2020.

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More Definitions for archaeology


How to pronounce archaeology (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of archaeology

: a science that deals with past human life and activities by studying the bones, tools, etc., of ancient people


variants: or archeology \ ˌär-​kē-​ˈä-​lə-​jē \

Kids Definition of archaeology

: a science that deals with past human life and activities as shown by objects (as pottery, tools, and statues) left by ancient peoples

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More from Merriam-Webster on archaeology

Spanish Central: Translation of archaeology

Nglish: Translation of archaeology for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of archaeology for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about archaeology

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