ar·​chae·​ol·​o·​gy | \ ˌär-kē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce archaeology (audio) \
variants: or archeology

Definition of archaeology

1 : the scientific study of material remains (such as tools, pottery, jewelry, stone walls, and monuments) of past human life and activities
2 : remains of the culture of a people : antiquities the archaeology of the Incas

Other Words from archaeology

archaeological \ ˌär-​kē-​ə-​ˈlä-​ji-​kəl How to pronounce archaeology (audio) \ adjective
archaeologically \ ˌär-​kē-​ə-​ˈlä-​ji-​k(ə-​)lē How to pronounce archaeology (audio) \ adverb
archaeologist \ ˌär-​kē-​ˈä-​lə-​jist How to pronounce archaeology (audio) \ noun

Examples of archaeology in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web That’s actually a formal type of archaeology according to Notre Dame Professor of Anthropology Mark Schurr, who is leading the dig in cooperation with the Kankakee Valley Historical Society (KVHS). Shelley Jones, Chicago Tribune, 10 June 2022 First domesticated about 9,000 years ago in what is now Mexico, maize played an important role in both Mesoamerican culture and the history of archaeology. Sarah Kuta, Smithsonian Magazine, 7 June 2022 New for 2022 is the University of Wisconsin System with archaeology professor Seth Schneider leading a tour on Native American culture and history on July 31. Erik S. Hanley, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 24 May 2022 His stance prompted an outcry among staffers at Montpelier, and late last month the foundation fired several of the more outspoken, including the chief curator and a director of archaeology. Gregory S. Schneider, Washington Post, 16 May 2022 Carol Anne Barsody, a graduate student in archaeology at Cornell University, was looking for a case study for her research. Maxime Tamsett, CNN, 1 May 2022 This free interactive exhibit explains the science of archaeology, and features artifacts from several dig sites in Columbia, both prehistoric and historic. Hartford Courant, 6 May 2022 But photogrammetry is also having a major impact there, said Radek Palonka, a professor of archaeology at Jagiellonian University in Poland who has studied Native American rock art in the Mesa Verde region for several years. Tom Metcalfe, NBC News, 4 May 2022 The first is a series of rooms which strike you as a monumental archaeology of post-industrial decay. Luke Leitch, Vogue, 25 Apr. 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'archaeology.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of archaeology

1782, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for archaeology

French archéologie, from Late Latin archaeologia antiquarian lore, from Greek archaiologia, from archaio- + -logia -logy

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The first known use of archaeology was in 1782

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Last Updated

23 Jun 2022

Cite this Entry

“Archaeology.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 6 Jul. 2022.

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More Definitions for archaeology


variants: or archeology \ ˌär-​kē-​ˈä-​lə-​jē \

Kids Definition of archaeology

: a science that deals with past human life and activities as shown by objects (as pottery, tools, and statues) left by ancient peoples

More from Merriam-Webster on archaeology

Nglish: Translation of archaeology for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of archaeology for Arabic Speakers Encyclopedia article about archaeology


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