an·​thro·​po·​no·​sis | \ ˌan-thrə-pə-ˈnō-səs How to pronounce anthroponosis (audio) \
plural anthroponoses\ ˌan-​thrə-​pə-​ˈnō-​ˌsēz How to pronounce anthroponosis (audio) \

Definition of anthroponosis

1 : an infection or disease that is transmissible from humans to animals under natural conditions The close contact between baboons and humans results in a high potential for the transmission of infectious diseases, from baboons to humans (zoonoses) and from humans to baboons (anthroponoses).— Julian A. Drewe et al. also : the process of transmitting infection or disease from humans to animals The MERS coronavirus, for example, jumped from bats to camels to people. Reverse zoonosis, or anthroponosis, is the process of a pathogen going in the other direction, from humans to animals. — Michael Kohn

called also reverse zoonosis, zooanthroponosis

2 : an infection or disease that is transmitted between people Like dengue, epidemic chikungunya is an anthroponosis that does not require a nonhuman vertebrate amplifier host. This means that the estimated 3.6 billion persons in 124 countries at risk for dengue are at risk for chikungunya.— Roger S. Nasci

Other Words from anthroponosis

anthroponotic \ ˌan-​thrə-​pə-​ˈnä-​tik How to pronounce anthroponosis (audio) \ adjective
anthroponotic disease anthroponotic transmission

First Known Use of anthroponosis

1962, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for anthroponosis

anthropo- + -nosis (in zoonosis)

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More About anthroponosis

Time Traveler for anthroponosis

Time Traveler

The first known use of anthroponosis was in 1962

See more words from the same year

Statistics for anthroponosis

Cite this Entry

“Anthroponosis.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 26 Jul. 2021.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon


Test Your Vocabulary

Difficult Spelling Words Quiz

  • alphabet pasta spelling help
  • Which is the correct spelling?
How Strong Is Your Vocabulary?

Test your vocabulary with our 10-question quiz!


Anagram puzzles meet word search.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!