anthroponosis

noun
an·​thro·​po·​no·​sis | \ ˌan-thrə-pə-ˈnō-səs How to pronounce anthroponosis (audio) \
plural anthroponoses\ ˌan-​thrə-​pə-​ˈnō-​ˌsēz How to pronounce anthroponosis (audio) \

Definition of anthroponosis

1 : an infection or disease that is transmissible from humans to animals under natural conditions The close contact between baboons and humans results in a high potential for the transmission of infectious diseases, from baboons to humans (zoonoses) and from humans to baboons (anthroponoses).— Julian A. Drewe et al. also : the process of transmitting infection or disease from humans to animals The MERS coronavirus, for example, jumped from bats to camels to people. Reverse zoonosis, or anthroponosis, is the process of a pathogen going in the other direction, from humans to animals. — Michael Kohn

called also reverse zoonosis, zooanthroponosis

2 : an infection or disease that is transmitted between people Like dengue, epidemic chikungunya is an anthroponosis that does not require a nonhuman vertebrate amplifier host. This means that the estimated 3.6 billion persons in 124 countries at risk for dengue are at risk for chikungunya.— Roger S. Nasci

Other Words from anthroponosis

anthroponotic \ ˌan-​thrə-​pə-​ˈnä-​tik How to pronounce anthroponosis (audio) \ adjective
anthroponotic disease anthroponotic transmission

First Known Use of anthroponosis

1962, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for anthroponosis

anthropo- + -nosis (in zoonosis)

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Time Traveler for anthroponosis

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The first known use of anthroponosis was in 1962

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Statistics for anthroponosis

Cite this Entry

“Anthroponosis.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/anthroponosis. Accessed 26 Jul. 2021.

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