zoonosis

noun
zoo·​no·​sis | \ zō-ˈä-nə-səs How to pronounce zoonosis (audio) , ˌzō-ə-ˈnō-səs How to pronounce zoonosis (audio) \
plural zoonoses\ zō-​ˈä-​nə-​ˌsēz How to pronounce zoonosis (audio) , ˌzō-​ə-​ˈnō-​ˌsēz \

Definition of zoonosis

: an infection or disease that is transmissible from animals to humans under natural conditions Among the zoonoses associated with dogs, cats, and birds, those with diarrhea as a predominant manifestation include cryptosporidiosis, giardiasis, campylobacteriosis, and salmonellosis.— Peter Jesselet et al. also : an infection or disease that is transmissible between animals and humans bidirectional zoonosis — see also reverse zoonosis

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Other Words from zoonosis

zoonotic \ ˌzō-​ə-​ˈnä-​tik How to pronounce zoonosis (audio) \ adjective
a zoonotic infection/disease A zoonotic virus is a virus that lives naturally in an animal and can infect human cells, perhaps mutating slightly in the course of passage, which enables the virus to start a chain of infection through human hosts. — Richard Preston

Examples of zoonosis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web The degree to which reverse zoonosis increases the risks of pandemics or major outbreaks more broadly remains less clear. Stacey Mckenna, Scientific American, "Human Viruses Can Jump into Animals, Too—Sowing the Seeds of Future Epidemics," 20 May 2020 About 60 percent of human infectious diseases are zoonoses. David Quammen, Popular Science, "Where will the next pandemic come from?," 15 Oct. 2012 Rabies—like toxoplasmosis, malaria, Zika, typhus, the bubonic plague, and all flus—is a zoonosis, a disease that can make the leap from animal to human. Elisa Gabbert, Harper's Magazine, "Sick Sad World," 25 May 2020 Some of them may be the result of unrecognised zoonoses. The Economist, "The origin of covid-19 The pieces of the puzzle of covid-19’s origin are coming to light," 2 May 2020 On Wednesday, the head of WHO’s emerging diseases and zoonosis unit, Dr. Maria Van Kerkhove, said the organization was in talks with China to send a follow-up mission to the country to investigate the animal source of the pandemic. NBC News, "Eerily empty French beaches will remain closed even after lockdown eases," 7 May 2020 Their answers to the second have focused on zoonoses, particularly RNA viruses. David Quammen, Popular Science, "Where will the next pandemic come from?," 15 Oct. 2012 Neither of those have caused a pandemic – yet – but the prospect of their global spread doesn’t bear thinking about, and meanwhile new zoonoses continue to emerge. Laura Spinney, Time, "We Need to Rethink Our Food System to Prevent the Next Pandemic," 13 Apr. 2020 The experts call such diseases zoonoses, meaning animal infections that spill into people. David Quammen, Popular Science, "Where will the next pandemic come from?," 15 Oct. 2012

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'zoonosis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of zoonosis

1873, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for zoonosis

probably alteration, by conformation to -osis, of French zoonose, from zoo- zoo- + Greek nósos "disease" — more at nosology

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Time Traveler for zoonosis

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The first known use of zoonosis was in 1873

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Cite this Entry

“Zoonosis.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/zoonosis. Accessed 7 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for zoonosis

zoonosis

noun
zoo·​no·​sis | \ ˌzō-ə-ˈnō-səs How to pronounce zoonosis (audio) , zō-ˈän-ə-səs How to pronounce zoonosis (audio) \
plural zoonoses\ -​ˌsēz How to pronounce zoonosis (audio) \

Medical Definition of zoonosis

: an infection or disease that is transmissible from animals to humans under natural conditions also : an infection or disease that is transmissible between animals and humans bidirectional zoonosis

Other Words from zoonosis

zoonotic \ ˌzō-​ə-​ˈnät-​ik How to pronounce zoonosis (audio) \ adjective

More from Merriam-Webster on zoonosis

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about zoonosis

Comments on zoonosis

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