cirrhosis

noun
cir·​rho·​sis | \ sə-ˈrō-səs How to pronounce cirrhosis (audio) \
plural cirrhoses\ sə-​ˈrō-​ˌsēz How to pronounce cirrhoses (audio) \

Definition of cirrhosis

: widespread disruption of normal liver structure by fibrosis and the formation of regenerative nodules that is caused by any of various chronic progressive conditions affecting the liver (such as long-term alcohol abuse or hepatitis)

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Other Words from cirrhosis

cirrhotic \ sə-​ˈrä-​tik How to pronounce cirrhotic (audio) \ adjective or noun

Examples of cirrhosis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web New research establishes that after decades of living longer and longer lives, Americans are dying earlier, cut down increasingly in the prime of life by drug overdoses, suicides and diseases such as cirrhosis, liver cancer and obesity. Los Angeles Times, oregonlive, "Americans are dying earlier, new research confirms: drug overdoses, suicide, disease to blame," 26 Nov. 2019 On June 5, 1910, at the age of 47, O. Henry died from cirrhosis of the liver and other health complications. Patrick Sauer, Smithsonian Magazine, "The History of O. Henry’s ‘The Gift of the Magi’," 24 Dec. 2019 Left untreated, its most chronic form can cause liver damage, including cirrhosis, as well as liver cancer and death. USA TODAY, "States make secret deals with drugmakers to fight hepatitis C – and taxpayers pick up the tab," 25 Oct. 2019 Severe cirrhosis was listed as a contributing factor in his death. Christy Gutowski, chicagotribune.com, "Two troubled people met at a McHenry County courthouse in 2012. Today, they stand charged in the murder of their 5-year-old son.," 25 Oct. 2019 Holmes had an enlarged heart and cirrhosis of the liver -- both signs of significant pre-existing disease, the Dominican authorities said. Rosa Flores, CNN, "Three American tourists died of natural causes in the Dominican Republic, FBI tests show," 18 Oct. 2019 The same is true for those who have other immune system compromising conditions such as cirrhosis or cancer. Joe Mario Pedersen, orlandosentinel.com, "Flesh-eating bacteria gives Florida woman a fight for her life after swim at the beach: report," 8 Nov. 2019 The excess fat in liver cells that is characteristic of the disease usually does not cause any symptoms, but in about 25% of people with NAFLD, the accumulation progresses and sometimes causes life-threatening cirrhosis or liver cancer. Jon Cohen, Science | AAAS, "Microbe that got man drunk could help explain common liver disease," 19 Sep. 2019 The researchers also noticed that this increase in alcoholic cirrhosis came after the stock market crash in 2008, which could imply that stress is a major factor. Korin Miller, SELF, "Why Are More Millennials Dying of Alcohol-Related Liver Disease?," 27 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cirrhosis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of cirrhosis

circa 1847, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cirrhosis

New Latin, from Greek kirrhos orange-colored; akin to Old English hār gray — more at hoar

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Time Traveler for cirrhosis

Time Traveler

The first known use of cirrhosis was circa 1847

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Statistics for cirrhosis

Last Updated

15 Jan 2020

Cite this Entry

“Cirrhosis.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cirrhosis. Accessed 29 January 2020.

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More Definitions for cirrhosis

cirrhosis

noun
How to pronounce cirrhosis (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of cirrhosis

medical : a serious disease of the liver that can be caused by drinking too much alcohol

cirrhosis

noun
cir·​rho·​sis | \ sə-ˈrō-səs How to pronounce cirrhosis (audio) \
plural cirrhoses\ -​ˌsēz How to pronounce cirrhoses (audio) \

Medical Definition of cirrhosis

: widespread disruption of normal liver structure by fibrosis and the formation of regenerative nodules that is caused by any of various chronic progressive conditions affecting the liver (as long-term alcohol abuse or hepatitis) — see biliary cirrhosis

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More from Merriam-Webster on cirrhosis

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with cirrhosis

Spanish Central: Translation of cirrhosis

Nglish: Translation of cirrhosis for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cirrhosis for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cirrhosis

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