cirrhosis

noun
cir·​rho·​sis | \ sə-ˈrō-səs How to pronounce cirrhosis (audio) \
plural cirrhoses\ sə-​ˈrō-​ˌsēz How to pronounce cirrhosis (audio) \

Definition of cirrhosis

: widespread disruption of normal liver structure by fibrosis and the formation of regenerative nodules that is caused by any of various chronic progressive conditions affecting the liver (such as long-term alcohol abuse or hepatitis)

Keep scrolling for more

Other Words from cirrhosis

cirrhotic \ sə-​ˈrä-​tik How to pronounce cirrhosis (audio) \ adjective or noun

Examples of cirrhosis in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web People who experience it are statistically more likely to suffer from heart disease, cancer, lung ailments, accidents, cirrhosis of the liver and suicide. Womensmedia, Forbes, "How To Combat Frustration When You’re At Your Wit’s End," 27 Feb. 2021 At 69 years old, with cirrhosis and problems walking, the retired health care finance professional knew the risks. New York Times, "Inside a Nursing Home as Vaccine Arrives: ‘I Hope Everybody Takes It’," 17 Jan. 2021 While most people quickly clear an infection, some develop chronic inflammation of the liver that quietly destroys the organ over years or decades, ultimately leading to cirrhosis and cancer. Gretchen Vogel, Science | AAAS, "Medicine Nobel honors three scientists for discoveries on hepatitis C virus," 5 Oct. 2020 Daily drinkers also had a higher risk of liver cirrhosis. Tyler Van Dyke, Washington Examiner, "Wine and dine: Study suggests drinking alcohol with meals cuts risk of death," 12 Jan. 2021 The flu patients were more likely to have heart failure, chronic respiratory disease, cirrhosis or anemia. Evan Macdonald, cleveland, "COVID-19 three times deadlier than flu among hospitalized patients, study finds," 18 Dec. 2020 The cause was cirrhosis of the liver, said Carlin Ross, her business partner. Penelope Green, New York Times, "Betty Dodson, Women’s Guru of Self-Pleasure, Dies at 91," 3 Nov. 2020 With cirrhosis, scar tissue replaces healthy liver tissue and prevents your liver from working normally. Korin Miller, Health.com, "Everyone's Talking About Mitch McConnell's Discolored Hand—Here Are 10 Things That Can Cause Discoloration," 23 Oct. 2020 The World Health Organization estimates that about 400,000 people died of hepatitis C in 2016, mostly from cirrhosis and cancer. Gretchen Vogel, Science | AAAS, "Medicine Nobel honors three scientists for discoveries on hepatitis C virus," 5 Oct. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'cirrhosis.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

See More

First Known Use of cirrhosis

circa 1847, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for cirrhosis

New Latin, from Greek kirrhos orange-colored; akin to Old English hār gray — more at hoar

Keep scrolling for more

Learn More about cirrhosis

Time Traveler for cirrhosis Time Traveler

The first known use of cirrhosis was circa 1847

See more words from the same year

Statistics for cirrhosis

Last Updated

2 Mar 2021

Cite this Entry

“Cirrhosis.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/cirrhosis. Accessed 9 Mar. 2021.

Style: MLA
MLA Chicago APA Merriam-Webster

Keep scrolling for more

More Definitions for cirrhosis

cirrhosis

noun

English Language Learners Definition of cirrhosis

medical : a serious disease of the liver that can be caused by drinking too much alcohol

cirrhosis

noun
cir·​rho·​sis | \ sə-ˈrō-səs How to pronounce cirrhosis (audio) \
plural cirrhoses\ -​ˌsēz How to pronounce cirrhosis (audio) \

Medical Definition of cirrhosis

: widespread disruption of normal liver structure by fibrosis and the formation of regenerative nodules that is caused by any of various chronic progressive conditions affecting the liver (as long-term alcohol abuse or hepatitis) — see biliary cirrhosis

Keep scrolling for more

More from Merriam-Webster on cirrhosis

Nglish: Translation of cirrhosis for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of cirrhosis for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about cirrhosis

Comments on cirrhosis

What made you want to look up cirrhosis? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Who Knew?

Spell It

Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words?

TAKE THE QUIZ
 AlphaBear 2

Spell words. Make bears.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!