analogy

noun
anal·​o·​gy | \ ə-ˈna-lə-jē How to pronounce analogy (audio) \
plural analogies

Definition of analogy

1a : a comparison of two otherwise unlike things based on resemblance of a particular aspect
b : resemblance in some particulars between things otherwise unlike : similarity
2 : inference that if two or more things agree with one another in some respects they will probably agree in others
3 : correspondence between the members of pairs or sets of linguistic forms that serves as a basis for the creation of another form
4 : correspondence in function between anatomical parts of different structure and origin — compare homology

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Choose the Right Synonym for analogy

likeness, similarity, resemblance, similitude, analogy mean agreement or correspondence in details. likeness implies a closer correspondence than similarity which often implies that things are merely somewhat alike. a remarkable likeness to his late father some similarity between the two cases resemblance implies similarity chiefly in appearance or external qualities. statements that bear little resemblance to the truth similitude applies chiefly to correspondence between abstractions. two schools of social thought showing points of similitude analogy implies likeness or parallelism in relations rather than in appearance or qualities. pointed out analogies to past wars

Digging Into the Most Common Meaning of Analogy

In its most common use, analogy has to do with comparison of things based on those things being alike in some way. For example, one can make or draw an analogy between the seasons of the year and the stages of life. People also reason by way of analogy, asserting, for example, that abandoning a project is like leaving a house partway built. Although an analogy can be summarized quickly, as in these examples, an analogy actually encompasses the comparison or inference itself, and is therefore different from figures of speech, like metaphors and similes, which are forms of expression.

Some tests ask you to identify analogies, finding the second of a pair that has the same relationship as a completed pair. Analogy tests often look like this:

ice : cold :: steel : ____

a. hard b. loud c. fresh d. small

Because the relationship between ice and cold is that coldness is a quality of ice, the word that goes with steel is hard, since hardness is a quality of steel.

The word analogy (which comes from analogous) traces back by way of Latin to a Greek word meaning "proportionate." That word has a root in the Greek word logos, meaning "reason."

Examples of analogy in a Sentence

He does, though, suffer from the occupational deformation of international relations specialists: an enthusiasm for ransacking the past in search of precedents, analogies, patterns, and cycles that might explain the present and forecast the future. — Tony Judt, New York Book Review, 10 Apr. 2003 People who do this call themselves "white-hat" hackers—good people who show other people their vulnerabilities. Take the following analogy: I've designed a great new lock pick, and I'm going to give this great new gadget away to show everyone that the typical door lock is ineffective against my new pick. — John C. Dvorak, PC Magazine, 4 Apr. 2000 It has often been said that movie stars are the royalty of America. (The better analogy, really, is that the royals are the movie stars of Britain.) — Neal Gabler, Life: The Movie, 1998 Parts of the far-infrared sky look like colonies of spiders gone mad. The fine structure seen there is called cirrus, by analogy with filamentary clouds on Earth. — Virginia Trimble et al., Sky & Telescope, January 1995
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Recent Examples on the Web Ellis, who shares a love of Alabama football with Rogers, used a football analogy to explain. Shawn Windsor, Detroit Free Press, "A Black man reveals what he's endured, teaching 2 white friends what can be done when we talk," 13 July 2020 Faller used a sports analogy to make the case for continued regional engagement and strengthening partnerships to counter great power influence and regional security threats. Abraham Mahshie, Washington Examiner, "EXCLUSIVE: Southern Command rebuilds intelligence relationship with Brazil years after Snowden damage," 4 July 2020 For right-handed shooters, the proper place to mount your holster is at about 3 o’clock (imagine your bellybutton is noon in this analogy) for righties, and 9 o’clock-ish for lefties. Chris Mudgett, Outdoor Life, "You Just Purchased a Handgun for Personal Defense, Now What?," 1 July 2020 Not out of a well, but out of the — what's a good analogy? Justin Phillips, SFChronicle.com, "Podcast: Daniel M. Lavery on why the dinner table is a classic setting for melodrama," 29 June 2020 The Smithsonian is taking things slowly, using the analogy of a dimmer switch, rather than just flipping the lights back on, while its museums remain closed. Fritz Hahn, Washington Post, "Museums and gardens are reopening across the region. Here’s what you can visit now.," 26 June 2020 But beyond the analogy, literal thunderstorms are forecasted to strike during the president's remarks, throwing a wrench into campaign plans to host a day-long outside festival in the run up to Mr. Trump's arrival. Caitlin Conant, CBS News, "2020 Daily Trail Markers: Brad Parscale didn't vote for Trump in 2016," 19 June 2020 Experts interviewed by the Monitor acknowledged some limitations to the wartime analogy. Noah Robertson, The Christian Science Monitor, "For ‘victory over the enemy,’ can Americans unite under pandemic?," 12 June 2020 The analogy may sound insane, since water is fairly plentiful here on the ground. Tim Fernholz, Quartz, "NASA will set a price on lunar ice. Why?," 11 June 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'analogy.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of analogy

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 2

History and Etymology for analogy

see analogous

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Learn More about analogy

Time Traveler for analogy

Time Traveler

The first known use of analogy was in the 15th century

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Statistics for analogy

Last Updated

24 Jul 2020

Cite this Entry

“Analogy.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/analogy. Accessed 8 Aug. 2020.

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More Definitions for analogy

analogy

noun
How to pronounce analogy (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of analogy

: a comparison of two things based on their being alike in some way
: the act of comparing two things that are alike in some way

analogy

noun
anal·​o·​gy | \ ə-ˈna-lə-jē \
plural analogies

Kids Definition of analogy

1 : a comparison of things based on ways they are alike He made an analogy between flying and surfing.
2 : the act of comparing things that are alike in some way She explained by analogy.

analogy

noun
anal·​o·​gy | \ ə-ˈnal-ə-jē How to pronounce analogy (audio) \
plural analogies

Medical Definition of analogy

: functional similarity between anatomical parts without similarity of structure and origin — compare homology sense 1

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Comments on analogy

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