am·​phic·​ty·​o·​ny | \ am-ˈfik-tē-ə-nē How to pronounce amphictyony (audio) \
plural amphictyonies

Definition of amphictyony

: an association of neighboring states in ancient Greece to defend a common religious center broadly : an association of neighboring states for their common interest

Other Words from amphictyony

amphictyonic \ (ˌ)am-​ˌfik-​tē-​ˈä-​nik How to pronounce amphictyony (audio) \ adjective

First Known Use of amphictyony

1835, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for amphictyony

borrowed from Greek Amphyktyonía, from amphiktíones, amphiktýones "neighbors" (from amphi- amphi- + -ktiones, participial derivative, with the intransitive sense "live, dwell," from the base of ktízō, ktízein, aorist éktisa "to settle in, people [a country], establish") + -ia -y entry 2; ktízō, ktízein going back to an Indo-European verbal base *tḱei̯- "inhabit, settle," whence also Sanskrit kṣéti "(s/he) dwells," plural kṣiyánti, Avestan šaēiti "(s/he) lives," plural šiieiṇti

Note: The base *tḱei̯- may continue a present tense formation *tḱ-éi̯-ti, *tḱ-i-énti based on zero-grade of the root *teḱ- "generate, give birth to" (see R. Beekes, Etymological Dictionary of Greek, Brill, 2009, p. 791). See dystocia, tectonic and note at home entry 1.

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The first known use of amphictyony was in 1835

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Cite this Entry

“Amphictyony.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 4 Dec. 2021.

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