amateur

noun

am·​a·​teur ˈa-mə-chər How to pronounce amateur (audio)
-ˌchu̇r,
-(ˌ)tər How to pronounce amateur (audio) -ˌtu̇r How to pronounce amateur (audio)
-ˌtyu̇r
1
: one who engages in a pursuit, study, science, or sport as a pastime rather than as a profession
She played soccer as an amateur before turning professional.
a tournament that is open to both amateurs and professionals
2
: one lacking in experience and competence in an art or science
The people running that company are a bunch of amateurs.
He's a mere amateur when it comes to cooking.
3
: devotee, admirer
I am a philologist or amateur of the language … Phillip Howard
amateur adjective
an amateur athlete
amateurish
ˌa-mə-ˈchər-ish
-ˈchu̇r-
-ˈtər-
-ˈtu̇r- How to pronounce amateur (audio)
-ˈtyu̇r
adjective
amateurishly adverb
amateurishness noun
amateurism
ˈa-mə-chər-ˌi-zəm
-ˌchu̇r-
-(ˌ)tər- How to pronounce amateur (audio)
-ˌtu̇r-
-ˌtyu̇r-
noun

Did you know?

Should amateur only be used literally?

The earliest sense of amateur ("one that has a marked fondness, liking, or taste") is strongly connected to its roots: the word came into English from the French amateur, which in turn comes from the Latin word for “lover” (amator). This has led some people to assume that the word is properly used only in the sense “one who performs something for love rather than for money.” However, as is the case with so many other English words, amateur may mean two strikingly different things, referring to one who does something for the love of it and also to one who is not terribly competent at something.

Our earliest record of the word's literal sense comes from a 1777 source. By 1790, however, it was already being used in the somewhat condescending extended sense, as seen in George Rous’s description of Edmund Burke as “a bystander, a mere amateur of aristocracy” in his Thoughts on Government.

Choose the Right Synonym for amateur

amateur, dilettante, dabbler, tyro mean a person who follows a pursuit without attaining proficiency or professional status.

amateur often applies to one practicing an art without mastery of its essentials

a painting obviously done by an amateur

; in sports it may also suggest not so much lack of skill but avoidance of direct remuneration.

remained an amateur despite lucrative offers

dilettante may apply to the lover of an art rather than its skilled practitioner but usually implies elegant trifling in the arts and an absence of serious commitment.

had no patience for dilettantes

dabbler suggests desultory habits of work and lack of persistence.

a dabbler who started novels but never finished them

tyro implies inexperience often combined with audacity with resulting crudeness or blundering.

shows talent but is still a mere tyro

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web As an amateur, Ashe is ineligible to receive the $14,000 winner’s prize, but collects $280 in expenses for the two-week tournament. Houston Mitchell, Los Angeles Times, 9 Sep. 2022 Matt Fitzpatrick had won professional tournaments in Europe and other big events as an amateur. Andrew Beaton, WSJ, 19 June 2022 Beyond mending the wounds of professionals, Rodgers was at the heart of amateur boxing in Arkansas and across America. Todd Pearce, Arkansas Online, 2 Nov. 2022 Vince represents the corrupt, soulless commercial music scene, while Stevie represents the purer world of the amateur enthusiast, who loves music for itself. Leo Barraclough, Variety, 15 Aug. 2022 Nikolai Bobrov joined the Canadiens last year as co-director of amateur scouting, and was involved with Jeff Gorton (his former boss with the Rangers) in picking Juraj Slafkovsky first overall. Matt Porter, BostonGlobe.com, 13 Aug. 2022 Cavalli, the No. 22 selection in the 2020 amateur draft, was tagged for seven runs and six hits in 4⅓ innings. Wire Reports, BostonGlobe.com, 26 Aug. 2022 Morgan was drafted out of Gonzaga University in the eighth round of the 2017 June amateur draft. Marc Bona, cleveland, 30 June 2022 Take a look at what MLB draft projections are predicting for the Diamondbacks in the 2022 MLB amateur draft. Jeremy Cluff, The Arizona Republic, 28 June 2022 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'amateur.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

borrowed from French, going back to Middle French, "one who loves, lover," borrowed from Latin amātor "lover, enthusiastic admirer, devotee," from amāre "to have affection for, love, be in love, make love to" (of uncertain origin) + -tōr-, -tor, agent suffix

Note: Latin amāre has been explained as an original stative verb with -ē- (hence, *ama-ē-, comparable to *sta-ē- > stāre "to stand"), formed from a root present *ama-, going back to an Indo-European verbal base *h2m̥h3- or *h3m̥h3- "take hold of, grasp" (whence also Sanskrit ámīti "takes hold of, swears," Greek ómnymi, omnýnai "to affirm with an oath," presumably originally "hold fast to an object while swearing"). Semantically the development in Latin is hypothetically "to grasp the hand of" > "to treat as a friend" > "to love." Supporting the presence of the verbal base in Italic would be the form amatens, allegedly, "(they) have seized" or "they have received" in a Sabellic text (the Aes Rapinum of the ancient Marrucini). According to an older theory amāre may be linked to a group of expressive/nursery words, as Latin amita "aunt," *amma "mother" (presumed from derivatives in personal names), Oscan ammai (dative singular) "mother." Another point of comparison with amāre has been Old Irish námae (genitive námat) "enemy," if it goes back to a participial formation *n(e)-h2m̥h3-(e)nt- "not loving" (compare Latin inimicus enemy), though the verbal base *h2emh3- is not otherwise attested in this or any other sense in Celtic. Concerning the derivative amīcus "friend" see note at amiable.

First Known Use

1757, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Time Traveler
The first known use of amateur was in 1757

Dictionary Entries Near amateur

Cite this Entry

“Amateur.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/amateur. Accessed 28 Nov. 2022.

Kids Definition

amateur

noun

am·​a·​teur ˈam-ə-ˌtər How to pronounce amateur (audio) -ət-ər How to pronounce amateur (audio) -ə-ˌt(y)u̇(ə)r How to pronounce amateur (audio)
-ə-chu̇(ə)r,
-ə-chər
1
: a person who takes part in an activity (as a study or sport) for pleasure and not for pay
2
: a person who engages in something without experience or skill
mistakes made only by an amateur
amateur adjective
amateurish
ˌam-ə-ˈtər-ish How to pronounce amateur (audio)
-ˈt(y)u̇(ə)r-ish
adjective
amateurishly adverb
amateurishness noun

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