abstemious

play
adjective ab·ste·mi·ous \ab-ˈstē-mē-əs\

Definition of abstemious

  1. :  marked by restraint especially in the consumption of food or alcohol; also :  reflecting such restraint <an abstemious diet>

abstemiously

adverb

abstemiousness

noun

Examples of abstemious in a sentence

  1. She is known as an abstemious eater and drinker.

  2. <being abstemious diners, they avoid restaurants with all-you-can-eat buffets>

Did You Know?

Abstemious and "abstain" look alike, and both have meanings involving self-restraint or self-denial. So they must both come from the same root, right? Yes and no. Both get their start from the Latin prefix abs-, meaning "from" or "away," but "abstain" traces to "abs-" plus the Latin verb tenēre (meaning "to hold"), while "abstemious" gets its "-temious" from a suffix akin to the Latin noun temetum, meaning "intoxicating drink."

Origin and Etymology of abstemious

Latin abstemius, from abs- + -temius; akin to Latin temetum intoxicating drink


First Known Use: 1609


ABSTEMIOUS Defined for English Language Learners

abstemious

play
adjective ab·ste·mi·ous \ab-ˈstē-mē-əs\

Definition of abstemious for English Language Learners

  • : not eating and drinking too much



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