abnegate

verb
ab·​ne·​gate | \ ˈab-ni-ˌgāt How to pronounce abnegate (audio) \
abnegated; abnegating

Definition of abnegate

transitive verb

1 formal : deny, renounce abnegated their God
2 formal : surrender, relinquish abnegated her powers

Other Words from abnegate

abnegator \ ˈab-​ni-​ˌgā-​tər How to pronounce abnegate (audio) \ noun, formal

Abnegate Has Latin Roots

There's no denying that the Latin root negāre has given English some useful words. That verb, which means "to deny," is the source of the noun abnegation, a synonym of denial. In time, people concluded that if there was a noun abnegation, there ought to be a related verb abnegate, and so they created one by a process called back-formation (that's the process of trimming an affix off a long word to make a shorter one). Other English offspring of negāre are deny, negate, and renegade.

Examples of abnegate in a Sentence

abnegated all claims to the deceased lord's domain felt that if the Congress adopted these security measures, it would be abnegating the nation's fundamental commitment to individual rights
Recent Examples on the Web Abnegating this responsibility is going against the will of the people and we were voted in to protect the interests of the people. Jan Engoren, Sun-Sentinel.com, 6 July 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abnegate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

First Known Use of abnegate

1543, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for abnegate

borrowed from Latin abnegātus, past participle of abnegāre "to refute, decline, deny," from ab- ab- + negāre "to say no, deny" — more at negate

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Time Traveler for abnegate

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The first known use of abnegate was in 1543

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Cite this Entry

“Abnegate.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/abnegate. Accessed 29 Sep. 2022.

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Nglish: Translation of abnegate for Spanish Speakers

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