abate

verb
\ ə-ˈbāt \
abated; abating

Definition of abate

intransitive verb

1 : to decrease in force or intensity waiting for the storm to abate
2a : to become defeated or become null or void (as of a writ or appeal)
b : to decrease in amount or value The legacies abated proportionately.

transitive verb

1a : to put an end to abate a nuisance
b : nullify sense 1 abate a writ
2a : to reduce in degree or intensity : moderate may abate their rancor to win peace
b : to reduce in value or amount : to make less especially by way of relief abate a tax
3 : deduct, omit abate part of the price
4a : to beat down or cut away so as to leave a figure in relief
b obsolete : blunt

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Other Words from abate

abater noun

Choose the Right Synonym for abate

abate, subside, wane, ebb mean to die down in force or intensity. abate stresses the idea of progressive diminishing. the storm abated subside implies the ceasing of turbulence or agitation. the protests subsided after a few days wane suggests the fading or weakening of something good or impressive. waning enthusiasm ebb suggests the receding of something (such as the tide) that commonly comes and goes. the ebbing of daylight

synonyms see in addition decrease

Examples of abate in a Sentence

For a while, in the Cold War's aftermath, the public fascination for espionage may abate, though somehow I doubt it. — John le Carré, Boston Globe, 19 Nov. 1989 At about six, as the heat abated, people began to crowd the streets and marketplaces, and to fill the cafés. — Milton Viorst, New Yorker, 12 Oct. 1987 But his attitude of sullen grievance and simmering fury never abated fully. — Joseph Heller, God Knows, 1984 We waited for the wind to abate. interest in the author's home abated as her novels waned in popularity
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Recent Examples on the Web

What Our Economists Say... That shift reflects both abating inflation risk and a lack of clarity about what happened to economic activity in the fourth quarter. Anna Andrianova, Bloomberg.com, "Bank of Russia Worry List Grows Even With Inflation Vanquished," 11 Feb. 2018 In effect, the kind of global governance espoused by centrist movements — the kind that promotes countries working together to improve the world’s economy and security — is severely under threat, and there’s little sign of that threat abating. Alex Ward, Vox, "“A collapse of the center”: why fringe movements are winning around the world," 29 Oct. 2018 But where the fighting has abated, things are looking up. The Economist, "War-torn Libya plans an election," 5 Apr. 2018 The political impact of immigration, which became explosive in 2015, appears to be abating. William A. Galston, WSJ, "Democracy Could Bounce Back in 2019," 31 Dec. 2018 Though now walking a familiar route home, the sensation of wandering does not abate. Leslie Kendall Dye, Longreads, "City on a Hill," 23 June 2018 There seems little immediate prospect of these passions abating. Gerard Baker, WSJ, "Hope for the Present in a Reminder of Greatness," 5 Oct. 2018 Strong winds caused the Pawnee Fire in Lake County, which had appeared to be abating, to jump its containment lines and start spreading again Saturday. Dale Kasler, sacbee, "Northern California wildfires are burning much earlier this summer. Here's why," 2 July 2018 Cleveland federal Judge Dan Polster oversees all of the cases and has aggressively pushed for a settlement that would resolve claims in all state and federal cases, in order to put money toward abating the crisis. Eric Heisig, cleveland.com, "Northeast Ohio cities, villages join in on litigation against drug companies over opioid epidemic," 20 Apr. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'abate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of abate

14th century, in the meaning defined at transitive sense 1

History and Etymology for abate

Middle English abaten, borrowed from Anglo-French abatre "to strike down, fell, reduce, put an end to," from a-, prefix in transitive verbs (going back to Latin ad- ad-) + batre "to beat," going back to Latin battuere, of uncertain origin

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Dictionary Entries near abate

abasi

abassi

abastardize

abate

abatement

abatis

abatised

Statistics for abate

Last Updated

15 Feb 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for abate

The first known use of abate was in the 14th century

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More Definitions for abate

abate

verb

English Language Learners Definition of abate

: to become weaker : to decrease in strength

abate

verb
\ ə-ˈbāt \
abated; abating

Kids Definition of abate

: to make or become less The flood abated slowly.

Other Words from abate

abatement \ -​mənt \ noun The noise continued without abatement.

abate

verb
\ ə-ˈbāt \
abated; abating

Legal Definition of abate

transitive verb

1a : to put an end to or do away with abate a nuisance
b : to make void : nullify abate an action
2 : to reduce in amount especially proportionately abate a tax

intransitive verb

1 : to become defeated or become null or void when a public officer who is a party to an appeal…in an official capacity dies…the action does not abateFederal Rules of Appellate Procedure Rule 43
2 : to decrease in amount or value the legacies abated proportionately

Note: A problem arises in estate law when the amount of the bequests and devises made in a will exceeds the assets available in the estate. In such a case, some or all of the bequests and devises may have to be abated to make up the deficit. Under the Uniform Probate Code, property in the estate that is not given under the will abates first, residuary devises abate second, general devises abate third, and specific devises abate last.

History and Etymology for abate

Old French abattre, literally, to knock down, from a-, prefix stressing result + battre to beat

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More from Merriam-Webster on abate

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with abate

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for abate

Spanish Central: Translation of abate

Nglish: Translation of abate for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of abate for Arabic Speakers

Comments on abate

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