conviction

noun
con·​vic·​tion | \ kən-ˈvik-shən How to pronounce conviction (audio) \

Definition of conviction

1 : the act or process of finding a person guilty of a crime especially in a court of law
2a : a strong persuasion or belief
b : the state of being convinced
3a : the act of convincing a person of error or of compelling the admission of a truth
b : the state of being convinced of error or compelled to admit the truth

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Choose the Right Synonym for conviction

certainty, certitude, conviction mean a state of being free from doubt. certainty and certitude are very close; certainty may stress the existence of objective proof claims that cannot be confirmed with scientific certainty , while certitude may emphasize a faith in something not needing or not capable of proof. believes with certitude in an afterlife conviction applies especially to belief strongly held by an individual. holds firm convictions on every issue

opinion, view, belief, conviction, persuasion, sentiment mean a judgment one holds as true. opinion implies a conclusion thought out yet open to dispute. each expert seemed to have a different opinion view suggests a subjective opinion. very assertive in stating his views belief implies often deliberate acceptance and intellectual assent. a firm belief in her party's platform conviction applies to a firmly and seriously held belief. the conviction that animal life is as sacred as human persuasion suggests a belief grounded on assurance (as by evidence) of its truth. was of the persuasion that everything changes sentiment suggests a settled opinion reflective of one's feelings. her feminist sentiments are well-known

Examples of conviction in a Sentence

… a perfect example, I told Bobby,  … why Realtors have to be prepared to work holidays. "Well, yeah," he said, utterly without conviction. — Jane Smiley, Good Faith, 2003 It was his conviction that if the words in the story were blurred because of the author's insensitivity, carelessness, or sentimentality, then the story suffered from a tremendous handicap. — Raymond Carver, The Story and Its Writer, edited by Ann Charters, 1987 She spoke in … the voice which people often used to express their deepest convictions — Paula Fox, A Servant's Tale, 1984 Certainly the basis of our democracy is the conviction of the worth of the individual. — Robert Penn Warren, Democracy and Poetry, (1975) 1976 She hopes to avoid conviction. In light of the evidence, a conviction seems certain. He has three prior drunk-driving convictions. Convictions for shoplifting have made it difficult for her to get a job. a person of deep convictions They share my strong conviction that the policy is misguided.
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Recent Examples on the Web The suspect was placed into custody for an outstanding Harris County Sheriff’s Office warrant and also felony theft due to previous convictions. Houston Chronicle, "Bellaire Police Department weekly report," 16 Sep. 2019 John Kasich, a Republican and former Ohio governor, reduced Williams-Bolar's convictions to misdemeanors. NBC News, "Prosecutor cites Ohio mom in plea for Felicity Huffman prison time," 13 Sep. 2019 Alabama law doesn’t allow convictions to be expunged. Ashley Remkus | Aremkus@al.com, al, "Those wrongly accused of violent crimes in Alabama remain haunted by dropped charges," 13 Sep. 2019 That report, which was the result of a two-year grand jury investigation, stated that more than 300 priests had abused more than 1,000 children over decades, and has resulted in two convictions. Elizabeth Dias, New York Times, "Missouri Attorney General Refers 12 Catholic Clergy for Prosecution," 13 Sep. 2019 He was convicted in 1989 of a felony for improperly using his political influence to receive a state contract for his company, but that conviction was later thrown out on appeal. Joe Sonka, The Courier-Journal, "In closing argument, prosecutor says Lundergan's campaign mistakes were 'deliberate'," 11 Sep. 2019 The company’s investigations have led to only one fraud conviction since 2014, the official said. Marshall Allen, ProPublica, "We Asked Prosecutors if Health Insurance Companies Care About Fraud. They Laughed at Us.," 10 Sep. 2019 Candidates have raised drug offenses, mass incarceration and wrongful convictions as key issues in the race to replace Satz. Rafael Olmeda, sun-sentinel.com, "For first time in decades, new faces will fill top prosecutor and defender jobs," 9 Sep. 2019 Owens' license was suspended because of a felony fleeing and eluding conviction at age 21. Angie Jackson, Detroit Free Press, "Michigan bills would make more ex-offenders eligible to have criminal records expunged," 9 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'conviction.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of conviction

15th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for conviction

see convict entry 2

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Statistics for conviction

Last Updated

31 Oct 2019

Time Traveler for conviction

The first known use of conviction was in the 15th century

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More Definitions for conviction

conviction

noun
How to pronounce conviction (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of conviction

law : the act of proving that a person is guilty of a crime in a court of law
: a strong belief or opinion
: the feeling of being sure that what you believe or say is true

conviction

noun
con·​vic·​tion | \ kən-ˈvik-shən How to pronounce conviction (audio) \

Kids Definition of conviction

1 : a strong belief or opinion political convictions
2 : the state of mind of a person who is sure that what he or she believes or says is true She spoke with conviction.
3 : the act of proving or finding guilty : the state of being proven guilty He appealed his conviction.

conviction

noun
con·​vic·​tion

Legal Definition of conviction

1 : the act or process of convicting also : the final judgment entered after a finding of guilt a prior conviction of murder would not overturn the conviction — compare acquittal

Note: Jurisdictions differ as to what constitutes conviction for various statutes (as habitual offender statutes). Conviction is rarely applied to civil cases.

2 : guilt the judge will enter a judgment of conviction— W. R. LaFave and J. H. Israel

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Comments on conviction

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