Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction

noun

Be·​lo·​u·​sov-Zha·​bo·​tin·​sky reaction ˌbe-lə-ˈü-ˌsȯf-zhä-bə-ˈtin-skē- How to pronounce Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction (audio)
variants or less commonly Belousov-Zhabotinskii reaction
ˌbe-lə-ˈü-ˌsȯf-zhä-bə-ˈtin-skē-
chemistry
: any of a class of autocatalytic chemical reactions characterized by the creation of a self-sustaining repeating pattern
Chemical computing owes its power to an intriguing but complex piece of chemistry called the Belousov-Zhabotinsky or BZ reaction.Duncan Graham-Rowe, New Scientist, 26 Mar. 2005

called also BZ reaction

Word History

Etymology

after Boris Pavlovich Belousov †1970 and Anatoliĭ Markovich Zhabotinskiĭ †2008 Russian chemists

Note: The story of the discovery of the reaction by Belousov (1893-1970) in 1951 and its subsequent re-elaboration and description by Žabotinskij (1938-2008) in the early 1960's have been detailed in a number of sources in English and Russian, such as A.T. Winfree, "The Prehistory of the Belousov-Zhabotinsky Oscillator," Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 61, no. 8 (August, 1984), pp. 661-63.

First Known Use

1976, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction was in 1976

Love words?

You must — there are over 200,000 words in our free online dictionary, but you are looking for one that’s only in the Merriam-Webster Unabridged Dictionary.

Start your free trial today and get unlimited access to America's largest dictionary, with:

  • More than 250,000 words that aren't in our free dictionary
  • Expanded definitions, etymologies, and usage notes
  • Advanced search features
  • Ad free!

Dictionary Entries Near Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction

belouga

Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction

beloved

Cite this Entry

“Belousov-Zhabotinsky reaction.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/Belousov-Zhabotinsky%20reaction. Accessed 1 Feb. 2023.

Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!


Challenging Words You Should Know

  • hedgehog reading a book
  • Often used to describe “the march of time,” what does inexorable mean?
Name That Thing

You know what it looks like… but what is it called?

TAKE THE QUIZ
Solve today's spelling word game by finding as many words as you can with using just 7 letters. Longer words score more points.

Can you make 12 words with 7 letters?

PLAY