Definition of roll
1 a (1) : a written document that may be rolled up : scroll; specifically : a document containing an official or formal record <the rolls of parliament> (2) : a manuscript book b : a list of names or related items : catalog c : an official list <the voter rolls>: as (1) : muster roll (2) : a list of members of a school or class or of members of a legislative body
2 : something that is rolled up into a cylinder or ball or rounded as if rolled <rolls of fat>: as a : a quantity (as of fabric or paper) rolled up to form a single package b : a hairdo in which some or all of the hair is rolled or curled up or under c : any of various food preparations rolled up for cooking or serving <cabbage rolls>; especially : a small piece of baked yeast dough d : a cylindrical twist of tobacco e : a roll of paper on which music for a player piano is recorded in perforations which actuate the keys f : a flexible case (as of leather) in which articles may be rolled and fastened by straps or clasps <jewelry roll> g (1) : paper money folded or rolled into a wad (2) slang : bankroll
4 : a wheel for making decorative lines on book covers; also : a design impressed by such a tool
Origin of roll
Middle English rolle, from Anglo-French roule, rolle, from Medieval Latin rolla, alteration of rotula, from Latin, diminutive of rota wheel; akin to Old High German rad wheel, Welsh rhod, Sanskrit ratha wagon
First Known Use: 13th century
Simple Definition of roll
: to move across the ground or another surface by turning over and over
: to turn over one or more times
: to move smoothly on wheels
Full Definition of roll
1 a : to impel forward by causing to turn over and over on a surface b : to cause to revolve by turning over and over on or as if on an axis c : to cause to move in a circular manner <they rolled their eyes at the absurdity> d : to form into a mass by turning over and over e : to impel forward with an easy continuous motion f : to cause to move in a given direction by or as if by turning a crank <rolled down the window>
3 : to press, spread, or level with a roller : make smooth, even, or compact <hulled and rolled oats> <roll paint> —often used with out <rolled out the dough>
4 a : to move on rollers or wheels <rolled the patient into the operating room> b : to cause to begin operating or moving <roll the cameras>
5 a : to sound with a full reverberating tone <rolled out the words> b : to make a continuous beating sound upon : sound a roll upon <rolled their drums> c : to utter with a trill <rolled his r's> d : to play (a chord) in arpeggio style
6 : to combine so as to comprise one entity —usually used in the phrase rolled into one <a shopping center, amusement park, and nightclub all rolled into one>
7 : to rob (a drunk, sleeping, or unconscious person) usually by going through the pockets; broadly : rob
8 : bowl 1
Examples of roll
The children rolled down the hill.
The ball rolled slowly to a stop.
Roll the chicken wings in the batter.
The paramedics rolled him onto the gurney.
The car rolled slowly to a stop.
A police car rolled up next to us.
The children rolled the toy car to each other.
The patient was rolled into the emergency room.
The fog soon rolled away.
Origin of roll
Middle English, from Anglo-French rouler, roller, from roele wheel, rowel & roule roll
First Known Use: 14th century
Definition of roll
1 a : a sound produced by rapid strokes on a drum b : a sonorous and often rhythmical flow of speech c : a heavy reverberatory sound <the roll of cannon>
2 : a rolling movement or an action or process involving such movement <a roll of the dice> <an airplane's takeoff roll>: as a : a swaying movement of the body b : a side-to-side movement (as of a ship or train) c (1) : a flight maneuver in which a complete revolution about the longitudinal axis of an airplane is made with the horizontal direction of flight being approximately maintained (2) : the motion of an aircraft or spacecraft about its longitudinal axis d : a somersault executed in contact with the ground
: in the midst of a series of successes : on a hot streak —sometimes used with a modifier <has been on a brilliant roll>
First Known Use of roll
Seen and Heard
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