Simple Definition of conclude
: to stop or finish : to come to an end : to end in a particular way or with a particular action
: to cause (something) to stop or finish : to end (something) in a particular way or with a particular action
: to form or state (an opinion) : to decide (something) after a period of thought or research
Full Definition of conclude
1 obsolete : to shut up : enclose
2 : to bring to an end especially in a particular way or with a particular action <conclude a meeting with a prayer>
3 a : to reach as a logically necessary end by reasoning : infer on the basis of evidence <concluded that her argument was sound> b : to make a decision about : decide <concluded he would wait a little longer> c : to come to an agreement on : effect <conclude a sale>
4 : to bring about as a result : complete
1 : end
2 a : to form a final judgment b : to reach a decision or agreement
Examples of conclude
The investigation has not yet concluded.
The meeting concluded at noon.
The chairman concluded by wishing us all a happy holiday.
We concluded the meeting on a happy note.
The chairman concluded his speech by wishing us all a happy holiday.
We conclude from our review of the evidence that they are right.
Many studies have concluded that smoking is dangerous.
The speech, many historians concluded, was the most important of his career.
Their effort to conclude an agreement was a success.
Origin of conclude
Middle English, from Latin concludere to shut up, end, infer, from com- + claudere to shut — more at close
First Known Use: 14th century
Synonym Discussion of conclude
infer, deduce, conclude, judge, gather mean to arrive at a mental conclusion. infer implies arriving at a conclusion by reasoning from evidence; if the evidence is slight, the term comes close to surmise <from that remark, I inferred that they knew each other>. deduce often adds to infer the special implication of drawing a particular inference from a generalization <denied we could deduce anything important from human mortality>. conclude implies arriving at a necessary inference at the end of a chain of reasoning <concluded that only the accused could be guilty>. judge stresses a weighing of the evidence on which a conclusion is based <judge people by their actions>. gather suggests an intuitive forming of a conclusion from implications <gathered their desire to be alone without a word>.
Sir Thomas More is the first writer known to have used both infer and imply in their approved senses (1528). He is also the first to have used infer in a sense close in meaning to imply (1533). Both of these uses of infer coexisted without comment until some time around the end of World War I. Since then, senses 3 and 4 of infer have been frequently condemned as an undesirable blurring of a useful distinction. The actual blurring has been done by the commentators. Sense 3, descended from More's use of 1533, does not occur with a personal subject. When objections arose, they were to a use with a personal subject (now sense 4). Since dictionaries did not recognize this use specifically, the objectors assumed that sense 3 was the one they found illogical, even though it had been in respectable use for four centuries. The actual usage condemned was a spoken one never used in logical discourse. At present sense 4 is found in print chiefly in letters to the editor and other informal prose, not in serious intellectual writing. The controversy over sense 4 has apparently reduced the frequency of use of sense 3.
Seen and Heard
What made you want to look up conclude? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible).