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1

bank

play
noun \ˈbaŋk\

Definition of bank

  1. 1 :  a mound, pile, or ridge raised above the surrounding level: as a :  a piled-up mass of cloud or fog b :  an undersea elevation rising especially from the continental shelf

  2. 2 :  the rising ground bordering a lake, river, or sea or forming the edge of a cut or hollow

  3. 3 a :  a steep slope (as of a hill) b :  the lateral inward tilt of a surface along a curve or of a vehicle (as an airplane) when turning

  4. 4 :  a protective or cushioning rim or piece



Did You Know?

The literal meaning of Italian banca was “bench,” but the word was also used for the benchlike counter at which an early money changer transacted business, and later to describe the money changer’s shop itself—the bank. When the banking trade spread from Italy to France, and then to England, the Italian word went with it and became our English bank.

Origin and Etymology of bank

Middle English, probably of Scandinavian origin; akin to Old Norse bakki bank; akin to Old English benc bench — more at bench


First Known Use: 13th century


2

bank

verb

Definition of bank

  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 a :  to raise a bank about b :  to cover (as a fire) with fresh fuel and adjust the draft of air so as to keep in an inactive state c :  to build (a curve) with the roadbed or track inclined laterally upward from the inside edge

  3. 2 :  to heap or pile in a bank

  4. 3 a :  to drive (a ball in billiards) into a cushion b :  to bounce (a ball or shot) off a surface (as a backboard) into or toward a goal <bank in a rebound>

  5. 4 :  to form or group in a tier

  6. intransitive verb
  7. 1 :  to rise in or form a bank —often used with up <clouds would bank up about midday, and showers fall — William Beebe>

  8. 2 a :  to incline an airplane laterally b (1) :  to incline laterally (2) :  to follow a curve or incline <skiers banking around the turn>



1590

First Known Use of bank

1590


3

bank

noun

Definition of bank

  1. 1 a :  an establishment for the custody, loan, exchange, or issue of money, for the extension of credit, and for facilitating the transmission of funds b obsolete :  the table, counter, or place of business of a money changer

  2. 2 :  a person conducting a gambling house or game; specifically :  dealer

  3. 3 :  a supply of something held in reserve: as a :  the fund of supplies (as money, chips, or pieces) held by the banker or dealer for use in a game b :  a fund of pieces belonging to a game (as dominoes) from which the players draw

  4. 4 :  a place where something is held available <memory banks>; especially :  a depot for the collection and storage of a biological product <a blood bank>



Origin and Etymology of bank

Middle English, from Middle French or Old Italian; Middle French banque, from Old Italian banca, literally, bench, of Germanic origin; akin to Old English benc


First Known Use: 15th century


4

bank

verb

Definition of bank

  1. intransitive verb
  2. 1 :  to manage a bank

  3. 2 :  to deposit money or have an account in a bank

  4. transitive verb
  5. :  to deposit or store in a bank

bank on

  1. :  to depend or rely on <can always bank on her friendship>



Circa 1751

First Known Use of bank

circa 1751


5

bank

noun

Definition of bank

  1. 1 :  a group or series of objects arranged together in a row or a tier: as a :  a set of elevators b :  a row or tier of telephones

  2. 2 :  one of the horizontal and usually secondary or lower divisions of a headline



Origin and Etymology of bank

Middle English banc bench, from Anglo-French, of Germanic origin; akin to Old English benc


First Known Use: 1614



BANK Defined for Kids

1

bank

play
noun \ˈbaŋk\

Definition of bank for Students

  1. 1 :  a mound or ridge especially of earth <a bank of snow>

  2. 2 :  the side of a hill

  3. 3 :  the higher ground at the edge of a river, lake, or sea <the banks of the river>

  4. 4 :  something shaped like a mound <a bank of clouds>

  5. 5 :  an undersea elevation :  shoal




2

bank

play
verb

Definition of bank for Students

banked

banking

  1. 1 :  to build (a curve) in a road or track with a slope upward from the inside edge

  2. 2 :  to heap up in a mound or pile <Wind banked snow against the door.>

  3. 3 :  to raise a pile or mound around <bank a stone wall>

  4. 4 :  to tilt to one side when turning




3

bank

play
noun

Definition of bank for Students

  1. 1 :  a business where people deposit and withdraw their money and borrow money

  2. 2 :  a small closed container in which money may be saved

  3. 3 :  a storage place for a reserve supply <a blood bank>




4

bank

play
verb

Definition of bank for Students

banked

banking

  1. 1 :  to have an account in a bank <We bank locally.>

  2. 2 :  to deposit in a bank <bank ten dollars>




5

bank

play
noun

Definition of bank for Students

  1. :  a group or series of objects arranged together in a row <a bank of seats>




Medical Dictionary

bank

play
noun \ˈbaŋk\

Medical Definition of bank

  1. :  a place where something is held available <data bank>; especially :  a depot for the collection and storage of a biological product of human origin for medical use <a sperm bank> <an eye bank>—see blood bank




Law Dictionary

bank

play
noun \ˈbaŋk\

Legal Definition of bank

  1. 1 :  an organization for the custody, loan, or exchange of money, for the extension of credit, and for facilitating the transmission of funds branch bank :  a banking facility that is a separate but dependent part of a chartered bank; especially :  a facility that performs some banking functions and is separate from a main office bridge bank :  a national bank that is chartered for a limited time to operate an insolvent bank until it is sold central bank :  a national bank that establishes monetary and fiscal policy and controls the money supply and interest rate collecting bank :  a bank other than the payor bank that is handling for collection a negotiable instrument or a promise or order to pay money commercial bank :  a bank organized chiefly to handle the everyday financial transactions of businesses (as through deposit accounts and commercial loans) cooperative bank :  an association (as a credit union) owned by and offering banking services for its members; specifically :  savings and loan association depositary bank :  the first bank to take a negotiable instrument or promise or order to pay money unless the instrument, promise, or order is presented for immediate payment over the counter federal land bank :  a land bank that is under federal charter and regulated by the Farm Credit Administration Federal Reserve bank :  one of 12 central banks set up under the Federal Reserve Act to hold reserves for and extend credit to affiliated banks in their respective districts intermediary bank :  a bank other than the depositary or payor bank to which a negotiable instrument or promise or order to pay is transferred in the course of collection land bank 1 :  a bank that provides financing for land development and farm mortgages especially by issuing stock — see also federal land bank in this entry 2 :  a trust that holds land for purposes of preservation or conservation national bank :  a bank operating under federal charter and supervision nonbank bank :  a financial organization (as a branch of an out-of-state bank) that either accepts demand deposits or makes commercial loans payor bank :  a bank that is the drawee of a draft presenting bank :  a bank other than a payor bank that presents a negotiable instrument or promise or order to pay money savings bank :  a bank organized to hold depositors' funds in interest-bearing accounts and to make long-term investments (as in home mortgage loans) state bank :  a bank operating under state charter and law

banker

\ˈbaŋ-kər\ play noun




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