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verb, ab·jure \ab-ˈju̇r\

Simple Definition of abjure

  • : to reject (something) formally

Source: Merriam-Webster's Learner's Dictionary

Full Definition of abjure


  1. transitive verb
  2. 1 a :  to renounce upon oath b :  to reject solemnly

  3. 2 :  to abstain from :  avoid <abjure extravagance>

abjurer noun

Examples of abjure in a sentence

  1. <abjured some long-held beliefs when she converted to another religion>

  2. <a strict religious sect that abjures the luxuries, comforts, and conveniences of the modern world>

Did You Know?

Just as a jury swears to produce an unbiased verdict, and a witness swears to tell the truth on pain of perjury, those who abjure their former ways "swear them away." "Abjure" (as well as "jury" and "perjury") comes from Latin jurare, which means "to swear" (and which in turn is based on the root jus, meaning "law"), plus the prefix ab-, meaning "away." These days, we can casually abjure (that is, abstain from) vices such as smoking or overeating, but in the 15th and 16th centuries to abjure was a matter of renouncing something under oath-and sometimes a matter of life and death. For example, during the Spanish Inquisition, individuals were given the choice between abjuring unacceptable beliefs and being burned at the stake.

Origin of abjure

Middle English, from Anglo-French or Latin; Anglo-French abjurer, from Latin abjurare, from ab- + jurare to swear — more at jury

First Known Use: 15th century

Synonym Discussion of abjure

abjure, renounce, forswear, recant, retract mean to withdraw one's word or professed belief. abjure implies a firm rejecting or abandoning often made under oath <abjured the errors of his former faith>. renounce may carry the meaning of disclaim or disown <renounced abstract art and turned to portrait painting>. forswear may add an implication of perjury or betrayal <I cannot forswear my principles>. recant stresses the withdrawing or denying of something professed or taught <if they recant they will be spared>. retract applies to the withdrawing of a promise, an offer, or an accusation <the newspaper had to retract the story>.

Law Dictionary


transitive verb ab·jure \ab-ˈju̇r, əb-\

Legal Definition of abjure


  1. :  renounce; specifically :  to disclaim formally or renounce upon oath <solemnly abjures his allegiance to his former country>

abjuration \ˌab-jə-ˈrā-shən\ play noun

Origin of abjure

Latin abjurare, from ab- off + jurare to swear

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