Words We're Watching: 'Pizzly' vs. 'Grolar'
In the spring of 2006, the untimely death of a very unlucky bear introduced to the English language the need for a new word, and thus was born a pair of linguistic fraternal twins: pizzly and grolar.
A hunter thought he'd sighted a male polar bear out on the ice of the Canadian Arctic, but his quarry wasn't quite what he was expecting. Its fur was the right color, but it had the long claws and humped back of a grizzly bear, as well as a grizzly's facial structural features. An analysis of the bear's DNA showed that it was in fact a hybrid—half grizzly bear and half polar bear.
That particular bear was not unique. Climate change is bringing bear species that have mostly lived apart into mating proximity:
The polar bear population in Canada's western Hudson Bay region is falling, partly due to the declining ice. Female polar bears are forced ashore up to two weeks earlier than in the early 1990s because of the early spring ice breakup…. At the same time, grizzly bears are moving north into polar bear territory. There have already been sightings of a grizzly-polar bear hybrid, confirmed by DNA analyses, which is called a pizzly by some and a grolar by others.
— John P. Smol, Nature, 1 Mar. 2012
With hybrids being found (only occasionally, at this point) in the wild, one question is what to call them. Both pizzly bear and grolar bear are, as mentioned in the above example, currently in use, with some making a distinction between the two, depending on parentage:
Scientists have now confirmed instances of resulting wild hybrids, known either as "grolars" or "pizzlies," depending on the parental combination.
— Bradnee Chambers, The Ottawa Citizen, 21 Oct. 2017
[Scientist Dave] Grashelis said a hybrid bear is unofficially called a grolar bear if the sire is a grizzly bear and a pizzly bear if the sire is a polar bear.
— CBC News, 18 May 2016
But other sources treat the two names as equivalent:
Animals at high latitudes—where related species tend to have diverged more recently and can therefore interbreed more easily—are shifting their ranges in response to rising temperatures and melting sea ice. As they do, they may encounter cousins and hybridize…. The best-known examples of this process are the polar bear-grizzly hybrids, sometimes referred to as grolar or pizzly bears, four of which have been shot by hunters in recent years; genetic testing indicated that one of them was a second-generation animal.
— Moises Velasquez-Manoff, The New York Times Magazine, 14 Aug. 2014
We'll be watching to see if either term has staying power. In the meanwhile, we're keeping our fingers crossed for the bears' staying power.
Words We're Watching talks about words we are increasingly seeing in use but that have not yet met our criteria for entry.