proteasome

noun
pro·​te·​a·​some | \ ˈprō-tē-ə-ˌsōm How to pronounce proteasome (audio) \

Medical Definition of proteasome

: a hollow, cylindrical cellular structure that is a complex of proteases involved in the selective degradation of intracellular proteins and especially proteins marked for proteolysis by ubiquitin Tagged proteins are then fed into the proteasome, a barrel-shaped multi-protein complex that chops proteins down into their component amino acids for reuse.— Caroline Williams, New Scientist, 2 Sept. 2006

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Cite this Entry

“Proteasome.” Merriam-Webster.com Medical Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/proteasome. Accessed 27 Nov. 2020.

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