Medical Definition of ketoacidosis
: acidosis resulting from increased levels of ketone bodies in the blood ◆Ketoacidosis occurs most commonly as a complication of diabetes but may occur from other causes (such as starvation). With each word from his parched mouth came an unpleasant, fruity scent of acetone, the hallmark of diabetic ketoacidosis, which occurs when the body does not have enough insulin to obtain the energy it needs.—Elisabeth Rosenthal, Discover, March 1991
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