diabetes

noun

di·​a·​be·​tes ˌdī-ə-ˈbē-tēz How to pronounce diabetes (audio) -ˈbē-təs How to pronounce diabetes (audio)
: any of various abnormal conditions characterized by the secretion and excretion of excessive amounts of urine
especially : diabetes mellitus

Examples of diabetes in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Being overweight or obese increases risk of death, high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, stroke, high cholesterol, several types of cancers, coronary heart disease, sleep apnea, gallbladder disease and mental health issues like depression and anxiety. Arianna Johnson, Forbes, 29 Feb. 2024 Her 12-year-old son, Trevor, has Type 1 diabetes, which means his blood sugar levels can be affected by anything from a snack to his sleep schedule. Elizabeth B. Kim, The Enquirer, 28 Feb. 2024 For some Americans who are obese but don’t have diabetes, obtaining those drugs has become difficult, if not impossible. Bryan Mena, CNN, 27 Feb. 2024 Along with diabetes medication, inositol has been shown to improve blood sugar management.15 Utzy Magnositol PM has combined these two blood sugar-control supporting nutrients into one convenient supplement. Casey Seiden, Parents, 24 Feb. 2024 That same year, there were 45.3 cases of hypertension, 15.9 cases of depression, and 7.1 cases of diabetes. Brianna Kamienski, The Arizona Republic, 23 Feb. 2024 Victoza was the next most commonly prescribed GLP-1 injectable for diabetes. Kristen Jordan Shamus, Detroit Free Press, 23 Feb. 2024 The latest statistics from the National Institutes for Health indicate that 11.3% of the population (37.3 million) have diabetes. Bryant Stamford, The Courier-Journal, 22 Feb. 2024 Conditions like diabetes, lupus, and high blood pressure can damage the kidneys over time, reducing their ability to function. Nathaniel Scharping, Discover Magazine, 16 Feb. 2024 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'diabetes.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Middle English diabet, diabete, borrowed from Late Latin diabētēs, borrowed from Greek diabḗtēs, from diabē-, variant stem of diabaínein "to stride, walk or stand with legs apart, step across, cross over" (from dia- dia- + baínein "to step, walk") + -tēs, suffix of agency — more at come entry 1

Note: The literal sense of Greek diabḗtēs in relation to the base verb diabaínein is not entirely clear. The Greek physician Aretaeus of Cappadocia (active ca. 130-40 A.D.), author of a detailed description of diabetes mellitus (in Book 2 of De causis et signis diuturnorum morborum), takes the name of the disorder as a given, and explains it as a particular application of the word diabḗtēs, the meaning of which he seems to regard as self-evident. It has been assumed that he alludes to diabḗtēs in the sense "siphon," referring to frequent urination, as if liquid was being drawn out of the sufferer by a siphon. In the following clause, however, he maintains that moisture (tò hygrón) does not stay in the body but leaves it "as if by a diabáthrē ("hókōs diabáthrēi")." The word diabáthra (Ionic diabáthrē)—also a derivative of diabaínein—has various attested meanings: "ladder," "gangway," "bridge." The suggestion has been made that "bridge" or "channel" is the most appropriate sense, though the mixing of metaphors is perhaps an indication that the text is corrupt, or that some no longer recoverable sense of the word is in play. (See discussion in Chalmers L. Gemmill, "The Greek concept of diabetes," Bulletin of the New York Academy of Medicine, vol. 48, no. 8 [September, 1972], pp. 1033-36.)

First Known Use

15th century, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of diabetes was in the 15th century

Dictionary Entries Near diabetes

Cite this Entry

“Diabetes.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/diabetes. Accessed 4 Mar. 2024.

Kids Definition

diabetes

noun
di·​a·​be·​tes ˌdī-ə-ˈbēt-ēz How to pronounce diabetes (audio) -ˈbēt-əs How to pronounce diabetes (audio)
: any of various bodily conditions in which abnormally large amounts of urine are produced
especially : diabetes mellitus

Medical Definition

diabetes

noun
di·​a·​be·​tes ˌdī-ə-ˈbēt-ēz How to pronounce diabetes (audio) -ˈbēt-əs How to pronounce diabetes (audio)
plural diabetes
: any of various abnormal conditions characterized by the secretion and excretion of excessive amounts of urine
especially : diabetes mellitus

More from Merriam-Webster on diabetes

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