Medical Definition of erysipelothrix
1 capitalized : a genus of gram-positive rod-shaped bacteria (family Erysipelotrichaceae) that form no spores, tend to produce long filaments, and include one (E. rhusiopathiae) which is widespread in nature where nitrogenous matter is disintegrating and is the causative agent of swine erysipelas, an arthritis of lambs, and human erysipeloid
2: a bacterium of the genus Erysipelothrix
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