acetylator

noun
acet·​y·​la·​tor | \ ə-ˈse-tə-ˌlā-tər How to pronounce acetylator (audio) \

Medical Definition of acetylator

: an organism that acetylates a substance during metabolism used especially to describe the rate at which a person acetylates certain drugs (such as isoniazid, hydralazine, or sulfamethazine) in the body People known as slow acetylators, for instance, take a longer time than fast acetylators to clear certain drugs from the liver.— Robin Marantz Henig, The New York Times, 10 Oct. 2004

Note: The variation among acetylators has been shown to be genetically determined. Slow acetylators may experience undesirable side effects resulting from higher drug concentrations in the body.

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Cite this Entry

“Acetylator.” Merriam-Webster.com Medical Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/medical/acetylator. Accessed 15 Jan. 2021.

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