Medical Dictionary

Charcot joint

noun
variants: also Charcot's joint

medical Definition of Charcot joint

: a progressive, degenerative condition that affects one or more joints especially of the foot or ankle, is marked by bone fragmentation, swelling, redness, pain, and joint deformity, and typically occurs following loss of nerve sensation associated with various diseases (such as diabetes, syphilis, and spina bifida) called also Charcot arthropathy, Charcot disease, Charcot neuroarthropathy, neuropathic arthropathy, neuroarthropathy

Biographical Note for charcot joint

  • Charcot \shȧr-kō\, Jean–Martin (1825–1893), French neurologist. One of the fathers of modern neurology, Charcot created the greatest neurological clinic of his time. An eminent clinician and pathologist as well as a neurologist, he practiced the method which correlates the moribund patient's symptoms with the lesions discovered during the autopsy. He was the first to describe the disintegration of ligaments and joint surfaces, the condition now known as Charcot's joint or Charcot's disease, caused by tabes dorsalis. He did pioneering work on the determination of the brain centers responsible for specific nervous functions. He demonstrated the clear relationship between psychology and physiology, and his work on hysteria and hypnosis stimulated Sigmund Freud, one of his students, to pursue the psychological origins of neurosis.

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