Wygant v. Jackson Board of Education

U.S. Case Law

Legal Definition of Wygant v. Jackson Board of Education

476 U.S. 267 (1986), declared affirmative action an appropriate means to remedy past racial discrimination in hiring and employment. Ironically, the Court ordered in this case that a Jackson, Mississippi, school board reinstate several senior white teachers who had been dismissed to make room for newly hired black teachers, arguing that the board had failed to show a significant history of bias; had it done so, affirmative action would have been appropriate. In two similar cases the following year, the Court upheld the constitutionality of a one black–one white promotion quota (United States v. Paradise, 480 U.S. 149 (1987)) and the promotion of a woman over a man who scored higher on a job-qualification test (Johnson v. Transportation Agency, Santa Clara County, 480 U.S. 616 (1987)).

Learn More About Wygant v. Jackson Board of Education

Dictionary Entries Near Wygant v. Jackson Board of Education

wrongful pregnancy

Wygant v. Jackson Board of Education

x

See More Nearby Entries 

Cite this Entry

“Wygant v. Jackson Board of Education.” Merriam-Webster.com Legal Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/legal/Wygant%20v.%20Jackson%20Board%20of%20Education. Accessed 3 Dec. 2021.

Style: MLA
MLACheck Mark Icon ChicagoCheck Mark Icon APACheck Mark Icon Merriam-WebsterCheck Mark Icon

WORD OF THE DAY

Test Your Vocabulary

Farm Idioms Quiz

  • cow coming home
  • What does 'poke' refer to in the expression 'pig in a poke'?
True or False

Test your knowledge - and maybe learn something along the way.

TAKE THE QUIZ
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!