Definition of zombie bank
: a bank that continues to operate despite having liabilities in excess of its assets : an insolvent bank kept in operation especially by government intervention “Zombie banks” was the term for Japanese financial institutions propped up by government in the 1990s despite their basic insolvency after a real-estate bubble. — Rich Lowry, The Oregonian (Portland, Oregon), 14 Feb. 2009 We have zombie banks that are weighed down because their liabilities exceed their assets. Without a precise mechanism for addressing toxic assets, it will be difficult to increase lending. — John Kerry, quoted in New York Times, 11 Feb. 2009
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First Known Use of zombie bank
Financial Definition of ZOMBIE BANK
What It Is
How It Works
Let's say Bank XYZ has $1 billion in assets (loans it has made to customers) and $2 billion in liabilities (delinquent loans, interest payments due to customers, debt it may have borrowed, etc.). Bank XYZ could declare bankruptcy and default on its obligations, but instead it receives a big loan from the federal government, which buys Bank XYZ some time to renegotiate its debt to other lenders and get its loan portfolio in better shape.
Why It Matters
Zombie banks are very risky, and often they indicate structural problems that go far beyond the banking industry.
Seen and Heard
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