xanthan gum

noun

xan·​than gum ˈzan-thən- How to pronounce xanthan gum (audio)
: a polysaccharide that is produced by fermentation of carbohydrates by a gram-negative bacterium (Xanthomonas campestris) and is a thickening and suspending agent used especially in pharmaceuticals and prepared foods

called also xanthan

Example Sentences

Recent Examples on the Web In the 1990s and 2000s, the introduction into restaurant kitchens of techniques and ingredients previously only found in industrial food preparation saw the use of Ultratex 3, tapioca starch, xanthan gum, and other additives in sauce making. Science & Food, Discover Magazine, 22 May 2012 Plus some additives like calcium carbonate, which acts as an anti-caking agent, and xanthan gum to thicken and stabilize the product. Ali Francis, Bon Appétit, 7 Dec. 2022 With so many brands out there, finding the ideal crispy-creamy frozen french fry is a challenge, with companies turning to ingredients and additives—like sodium acid pyrophosphate and xanthan gum—to nail the assignment. Ali Francis, Bon Appétit, 19 Sep. 2022 In a large bowl, lightly whisk together the flour mix, sugar, baking powder, cinnamon, nutmeg, ground ginger, xanthan gum, allspice, cloves, orange peel and salt until combined. Washington Post, 27 Apr. 2022 For his sauce, Ethan, who worked at upscale Seattle restaurants, blends tamari (making the dish gluten-free), vinegar and aromatics in a Vitamix, then stirs in a little xanthan gum as a thickener. Michael Russell, oregonlive, 22 Sep. 2021 The chefs like to marinate fresh Fresno chiles with white wine vinegar, sugar, salt and water for at least one week before blending them with a bit of xanthan gum to thicken the mixture slightly. Stephanie Breijo, Los Angeles Times, 21 Apr. 2021 Commercial ice cream in America is often made instead with stabilizers or thickeners like cornstarch or xanthan gum, which helps maintain a creamy texture and keeps it from melting too quickly. Katy Severson, chicagotribune.com, 19 Mar. 2021 Mix in the xanthan gum and beat on high for another minute. Akili King, Vogue, 24 Nov. 2020 See More

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'xanthan gum.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

Word History

Etymology

xanth- (in New Latin Xanthomonas, bacterial genus name, from xantho- xantho- + -monas, combining form used in the generic names of microorganisms, borrowed from Greek monad-, monás "single item, unit") + -an entry 3 — more at monad

Note: The suffix in an earlier variant xantham, if not a misspelling, is unexplained.

First Known Use

1964, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of xanthan gum was in 1964

Dictionary Entries Near xanthan gum

Cite this Entry

“Xanthan gum.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/xanthan%20gum. Accessed 29 Jan. 2023.

Medical Definition

xanthan gum

noun
xan·​than gum ˈzan-thən- How to pronounce xanthan gum (audio)
: a polysaccharide that is produced by fermentation of carbohydrates by a bacterium (Xanthomonas campestris) and is a thickening and suspending agent used especially in pharmaceuticals and prepared foods

called also xanthan

Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
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