vindicate

verb
vin·​di·​cate | \ ˈvin-də-ˌkāt How to pronounce vindicate (audio) \
vindicated; vindicating

Definition of vindicate

transitive verb

1a : to free from allegation or blame
(2) : to provide justification or defense for : justify
c : to protect from attack or encroachment : defend
2 : avenge
3 : to maintain a right to
4 obsolete : to set free : deliver

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Synonyms & Antonyms for vindicate

Synonyms

Antonyms

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Choose the Right Synonym for vindicate

exculpate, absolve, exonerate, acquit, vindicate mean to free from a charge. exculpate implies a clearing from blame or fault often in a matter of small importance. exculpating himself from the charge of overenthusiasm absolve implies a release either from an obligation that binds the conscience or from the consequences of disobeying the law or committing a sin. cannot be absolved of blame exonerate implies a complete clearance from an accusation or charge and from any attendant suspicion of blame or guilt. exonerated by the investigation acquit implies a formal decision in one's favor with respect to a definite charge. voted to acquit the defendant vindicate may refer to things as well as persons that have been subjected to critical attack or imputation of guilt, weakness, or folly, and implies a clearing effected by proving the unfairness of such criticism or blame. her judgment was vindicated

maintain, assert, defend, vindicate, justify mean to uphold as true, right, just, or reasonable. maintain stresses firmness of conviction. steadfastly maintained his innocence assert suggests determination to make others accept one's claim. asserted her rights defend implies maintaining in the face of attack or criticism. defended his voting record vindicate implies successfully defending. his success vindicated our faith in him justify implies showing to be true, just, or valid by appeal to a standard or to precedent. the action was used to justify military intervention

Did You Know?

It's not surprising that the two earliest senses of "vindicate," which has been used in English since at least the mid-16th century, are "to set free" (a sense that is now obsolete) and "to avenge." Vindicate derives from Latin vindicatus, the past participle of the verb vindicare, meaning "to set free, avenge, or lay claim to." "Vindicare," in turn, derives from "vindex," a noun meaning "claimant" or "avenger." Other descendants of "vindicare" in English include such vengeful words as "avenge" itself, "revenge," "vengeance," "vendetta," and "vindictive." Closer cousins of "vindicate" are "vindicable" ("capable of being vindicated") and the archaic word vindicative ("punitive").

Examples of vindicate in a Sentence

She will be completely vindicated by the evidence. These discoveries vindicate their theory. Their approach to the problem has been vindicated by the positive results. He felt vindicated when the truth became known.
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Recent Examples on the Web For all the criticism heaped on Nagy for his decision against the Rams, he was vindicated to some extent by Pineiro’s miss from 47 yards on the ensuing possession. Rich Campbell, chicagotribune.com, "3 things we learned at Bears practice Wednesday, including how Matt Nagy is handling Eddy Pineiro’s 2 missed field-goal attempts," 19 Nov. 2019 His attorney, Governor Jackson III, said Monday that Mims and his wife feel vindicated after the verdict. baltimoresun.com, "Maryland man awarded $800K over fight with Six Flags guards," 29 Oct. 2019 The Innocence Project, an organization that works to vindicate the wrongly accused, defended the women in their fight for freedom. Ashley Mcbride, ExpressNews.com, "‘San Antonio Four’ to hold fundraiser celebrating their exoneration," 13 Oct. 2019 Holmes anticipated the use of free speech claims not to vindicate democracy but to disrupt it. John Fabian Witt, The New Republic, "The Shrinking Legacy of a Supreme Court Justice," 1 Oct. 2019 The Asia-Pacific beer unit of Anheuser-Busch InBev NV gained as much as 7% in its Hong Kong trading debut, boosting the lackluster global market in initial public offerings and vindicating the beermaker in its second attempt at an Asian listing. Fortune, "Second Time’s a Charm as AB Inbev Asia Unit Jumps in Hong Kong IPO Debut," 30 Sep. 2019 Dershowitz said the ruling meant he was vindicated. Fox News, "Jeffrey Epstein dead: Timeline of sexual abuse allegations and related legal cases," 18 July 2019 Freeze’s critics were vindicated when an NCAA investigation found that his assistant coaches and some boosters were providing impermissible benefits to players. Los Angeles Times, "Look out Notre Dame, the Falwells have big plans for Liberty football," 27 Aug. 2019 When negotiations blew up spectacularly (see editorial), he was vindicated. Nr Editors, National Review, "The Week," 12 Sep. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'vindicate.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of vindicate

circa 1571, in the meaning defined at sense 4

History and Etymology for vindicate

Latin vindicatus, past participle of vindicare to lay claim to, avenge, from vindic-, vindex claimant, avenger

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Time Traveler for vindicate

Time Traveler

The first known use of vindicate was circa 1571

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Statistics for vindicate

Last Updated

24 Nov 2019

Cite this Entry

“Vindicate.” The Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Inc., https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/vindicated. Accessed 6 December 2019.

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More Definitions for vindicate

vindicate

verb
How to pronounce vindicate (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of vindicate

: to show that (someone) should not be blamed for a crime, mistake, etc. : to show that (someone) is not guilty
: to show that (someone or something that has been criticized or doubted) is correct, true, or reasonable

vindicate

verb
vin·​di·​cate | \ ˈvin-də-ˌkāt How to pronounce vindicate (audio) \
vindicated; vindicating

Kids Definition of vindicate

1 : to free from blame or guilt The evidence will vindicate her.
2 : to show to be true or correct Later discoveries vindicated their claim.

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Comments on vindicate

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