ventral

1 of 2

adjective

ven·​tral ˈven-trəl How to pronounce ventral (audio)
1
a
: of or relating to the belly : abdominal
b
: being or located near or on the anterior or lower surface of an animal opposite the back
2
: being or located on the lower surface of a dorsiventral plant structure
ventrally adverb

ventral

2 of 2

noun

: a ventral part (such as a scale or fin)

Examples of ventral in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web
Adjective
This photo shows the very moment of attack, with the whale’s ventral pleats wide open and filtering the prey from the water using their baleens after engulfing hundreds of kilograms of sardines in one bite. Cecilia Rodriguez, Forbes, 27 Feb. 2024 Oral cancers typically grow on the lateral and ventral surfaces of the tongue.16 3. Amanda Gardner, Health, 21 Jan. 2024 Feeling understood by others activates regions of the brain—the ventral striatum, middle insula, precuneus, and temporoparietal junction—that are related to social connections and reward processing, according to a 2014 study. Elizabeth Rayne, Ars Technica, 3 July 2023 For example, the magenta neurons come from the ventral part of the brain. Lori Youmshajekian, Scientific American, 4 Dec. 2023 To aim us toward such goals, the hypothalamus organizes its neural circuits to work with the ventral tegmental area, a part of the brain involved with reward processes. Popular Science, 26 Oct. 2023 When researchers showed pictures of cocaine to drug addicts or photographs of donuts to healthy people, the same brain regions—ranging from the ventral striatum and amygdala to the cerebellum—lit up in both groups. Marta Zaraska, Scientific American, 11 Sep. 2023 Visions of us holding hands while lying side by side in a field of dandelions have released dopamine from the ventral tegmental area of my brain. Meghana Indurti, The New Yorker, 1 Aug. 2023 The 50-inch-long sturgeon had a right ventral fin clip and PIT tag that traced it to the 2007 year class of fish raised at Riveredge. Paul A. Smith, Journal Sentinel, 11 May 2023
Noun
Ventral, because the V in ventral is an arrow pointing down. Neuroskeptic, Discover Magazine, 17 Oct. 2012 The dorsal is the back and the ventral is in the front. Womensmedia, Forbes, 15 Apr. 2021 This mental effort pays off: As the hippocampus activates, so too does the ventral striatum, another of the brain’s dopaminergic reward centers. Popular Science, 8 Apr. 2020 Earlier studies had shown that specific nerve pathways leading to a structure known as the ventral tegmental area (VTA) were important for the aversive nature of the foot shock. Robert Martone, Scientific American, 27 Aug. 2019 Return as of 5/13/17 is 68 hatchery adult, 2 natural origin, 12 Cowlitz origin (ventral clipped), and 0 Lewis origin. Mark Yuasa, The Seattle Times, 17 May 2017

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'ventral.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Adjective

borrowed from Late Latin ventrālis, from Latin ventr-, venter "belly, abdomen" + -ālis -al entry 1 — more at venter

First Known Use

Adjective

1739, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

Noun

1834, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of ventral was in 1739

Dictionary Entries Near ventral

Cite this Entry

“Ventral.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/ventral. Accessed 12 Jul. 2024.

Kids Definition

ventral

adjective
ven·​tral
ˈven-trəl
1
: of or relating to the belly : abdominal
2
: being or located on or near the surface of the body that in human beings is the front but in most other animals is the lower surface
a fish's ventral fins
ventrally
-trə-lē
adverb

Medical Definition

ventral

adjective
ven·​tral ˈven-trəl How to pronounce ventral (audio)
1
: of or relating to the belly : abdominal
2
a
: being or located near, on, or toward the lower surface of an animal (as a quadruped) opposite the back or dorsal surface
b
: being or located near, on, or toward the front or anterior part of the human body

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