valeric acid


va·​le·​ric acid və-ˈlir-ik- How to pronounce valeric acid (audio) -ˈler- How to pronounce valeric acid (audio)
: any of four isomeric fatty acids C5H10O2 or a mixture of these
especially : a liquid acid of disagreeable odor obtained from valerian or made synthetically and used especially in organic synthesis

Examples of valeric acid in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web As well as containing serotonin, for a natural mood boost, and anandamide, which binds to the brain’s cannabinoid receptors for a calming effect, dark chocolate contains valeric acid, a natural relaxant, and magnesium, which is also known for its relaxing properties. Georgia Day, Vogue, 30 Oct. 2023

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'valeric acid.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History


valer(ian) + -ic entry 1 (after French acide valérique); from its occurrence in the root of valerian

First Known Use

1857, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of valeric acid was in 1857

Dictionary Entries Near valeric acid

Cite this Entry

“Valeric acid.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 11 Dec. 2023.

Medical Definition

valeric acid

va·​le·​ric acid və-ˌlir-ik- How to pronounce valeric acid (audio)
variants also valerianic acid
: any of four isomeric fatty acids C5H10O2 or a mixture of two or more of them:
: a liquid normal acid that has a disagreeable odor and that is used in organic synthesis

called also pentanoic acid

: a liquid acid existing in three optically isomeric forms and occurring usually in the dextrorotatory form in a few essential oils

More from Merriam-Webster on valeric acid

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