traumatic brain injury

noun

: an acquired brain injury caused by external force (such as a blow to the head sustained in a motor vehicle accident or fall or shrapnel or a bullet entering through the skull)
Traumatic brain injury occurs when the shock from an explosion damages neurological fibers. Soldiers may survive a blast with scarcely a cut, only to find over time that they suffer coordination and memory loss, dizziness, insomnia.Nancy Gibbs
An unprotected fall, especially if the player is unconscious or his opponent lands on top of him, can result in severe traumatic brain injury.Michael J. Stuart et al.
broadly : acquired brain injury
abbreviation TBI

Examples of traumatic brain injury in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Listen to this article The Maine Army reservist who gunned down 18 people in a mass shooting last year had suffered traumatic brain injuries before his fatal rampage. Joseph Wilkinson, New York Daily News, 13 June 2024 The cause of death was determined to be diffuse traumatic brain injury, while the manner of death was a homicide, the coroner's office said. Louis Casiano, Fox News, 13 June 2024 Valerie suffered a traumatic brain injury with unknown long-term effects, according to the crowdfunding site's page, which is signed by parents Martha and Tony Stutterheim. Jose R. Gonzalez, The Arizona Republic, 12 June 2024 Now under the institute's umbrella are some initiatives that started in recent years, including a program for treating mild traumatic brain injuries in military veterans and first responders, called Building Resilience through Action in Veterans and First Responders, or BRAVE. Sarah Volpenhein, Journal Sentinel, 11 June 2024 The risks of traumatic brain injuries in American football are well known, but some researchers have found that sports involving horses are also a leading cause. Olivia Hampton, NPR, 5 June 2024 Often, traumatic brain injury patients end up in a coma or a minimally conscious state immediately after the accident. Sarah Kuta, Smithsonian Magazine, 23 May 2024 That is in part because of how traumatic brain injuries, known as T.B.I.s, are diagnosed. Dave Philipps, New York Times, 2 May 2024 Hogg’s fight to reduce the risk of concussions and other traumatic brain injuries is personal. Edward Lee, Baltimore Sun, 19 Feb. 2024

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'traumatic brain injury.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use

1931, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of traumatic brain injury was in 1931

Dictionary Entries Near traumatic brain injury

Cite this Entry

“Traumatic brain injury.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/traumatic%20brain%20injury. Accessed 21 Jun. 2024.

Medical Definition

traumatic brain injury

noun
: an acquired brain injury caused by external force (as a blow to the head sustained in a motor vehicle accident or fall or shrapnel or a bullet entering through the skull)
A soldier—or a civilian—can survive the blast without a single penetrating wound and still receive the worst diagnosis: traumatic brain injury, or TBI, the signature injury of the Iraq War.Michael Mason, Discover
An unprotected fall, especially if the player is unconscious or his opponent lands on top of him, can result in severe traumatic brain injury.Michael J. Stuart et al., USA Today
broadly : acquired brain injury
abbreviation TBI
Last Updated: - Updated example sentences
Love words? Need even more definitions?

Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free!