the·​ol·​o·​gy | \ thē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce theology (audio) \
plural theologies

Definition of theology

1 : the study of religious faith, practice, and experience especially : the study of God and of God's relation to the world
2a : a theological theory or system Thomist theology a theology of atonement
b : a distinctive body of theological opinion Catholic theology
3 : a usually 4-year course of specialized religious training in a Roman Catholic major seminary

Examples of theology in a Sentence

He has an interest in theology and pastoral work. The bishop was opposed to the group's theology.
Recent Examples on the Web Yet Lincoln did fixate for decades on southern Christian theology that claimed God had decreed Black racial inferiority and enslavement. Sean Wilentz, The New York Review of Books, "Lincoln’s Rowdy America," 13 Apr. 2021 Although Prince Philip passed on many interests to his eldest son, Prince Charles — polo, painting, architectural preservation, Jungian theories, even theology — the two had different personalities and a difficult relationship. Washington Post, "Prince Philip, royal consort to Queen Elizabeth, dies at 99," 9 Apr. 2021 The second round involved twelve fellows with doctoral backgrounds in ethics, theology and religion; they also were engaged with organizations looking at the public’s response to the pandemic. Michael T. Nietzel, Forbes, "New Career Options For Recent PhDs In The Humanities And Social Sciences," 4 Apr. 2021 The Southern Poverty Law Center describes the Nation of Islam as a hate group that aims to uplift African Americans but promotes anti-Semitic and racist theology. Christal Hayes, USA TODAY, "Suspect in attack at U.S. Capitol went from jock to posting about paranoia, extremist groups," 3 Apr. 2021 In his regular podcast, Albert Mohler, president of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, criticized the media attention placed on Crabapple and conservative Baptist theology in the wake of the shootings. Christian Boone, ajc, "Is sex addiction really a thing? Science is skeptical," 26 Mar. 2021 Some writers focussed on history, others on music, identity, class, and theology. Stephania Taladrid, The New Yorker, "The Scholar Who Chronicled the Afro-Latino Experience," 20 Mar. 2021 Christian Identity theology is very white supremacist. Peter Van Sant, CBS News, "FBI reveals new evidence in hopes of identifying unknown victims of serial killer," 13 Mar. 2021 The decision comes amid a high-stakes cultural and legal battle that features questions about sexuality, religious freedom, parenthood, family structure and theology. New York Times, "Major Evangelical Adoption Agency Will Now Serve Gay Parents Nationwide," 1 Mar. 2021

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'theology.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of theology

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for theology

Middle English theologie, from Anglo-French, from Latin theologia, from Greek, from the- + -logia -logy

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Time Traveler for theology

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The first known use of theology was in the 14th century

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Statistics for theology

Last Updated

17 Apr 2021

Cite this Entry

“Theology.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 22 Apr. 2021.

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English Language Learners Definition of theology

: the study of religious faith, practice, and experience : the study of God and God's relation to the world
: a system of religious beliefs or ideas


the·​ol·​o·​gy | \ thē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce theology (audio) \
plural theologies

Kids Definition of theology

: the study and explanation of religious faith, practice, and experience

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