the·​ol·​o·​gy | \ thē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce theology (audio) \
plural theologies

Definition of theology

1 : the study of religious faith, practice, and experience especially : the study of God and of God's relation to the world
2a : a theological theory or system Thomist theology a theology of atonement
b : a distinctive body of theological opinion Catholic theology
3 : a usually 4-year course of specialized religious training in a Roman Catholic major seminary

Examples of theology in a Sentence

He has an interest in theology and pastoral work. The bishop was opposed to the group's theology.
Recent Examples on the Web American society simply will never be remade along the lines of 19th-century Catholic theology. Tanner Greer, National Review, "Learning the Wrong Lessons from Reform Conservatism," 17 Mar. 2020 Louis Farrakhan, who has led the Nation of Islam since the late 1970s, has stirred controversy for his anti-Semitic remarks and anti-white theology. Fox News, "Louis Farrakhan: 5 of the Nation of Islam leader’s most controversial quotes," 13 Feb. 2020 Over the past few months the pope’s critics within the church have worried that the Vatican would chip away or discard Catholicism’s moral theology. Tim Busch And Mary Rice Hasson, WSJ, "The Pope Is Catholic After All," 13 Feb. 2020 The Associated Press reported Chad Daybell has written several apocalyptic novels based loosely on Mormon religious theology. Ryan W. Miller, USA TODAY, "Mom of 2 missing Idaho children misses court deadline to bring kids to police," 31 Jan. 2020 Full participation of women in ecclesiastical life might involve certain changes in theology, such as, for instance, a radical redefinition of sin. Gloria Steinem, Time, "50 Years Ago, Gloria Steinem Wrote an Essay For TIME About Her Hopes For Women’s Futures. Here’s What She'd Add Today," 5 Mar. 2020 Of course, the modern encyclopedia is a largely secular project: The first large-scale one, Encyclopédie, did emerge from the Enlightenment after all, and took the then-radical approach of organizing its contents according to reason, not theology. Michael Mandiberg, The Atlantic, "Mapping Wikipedia," 23 Feb. 2020 Finding evidence of life beyond Earth would reshape the fields of evolutionary biology and pharmacology, and possibly theology as well. Brad King, WSJ, "Earth to Billionaires: Finding Life Is Space’s Final Frontier," 7 Feb. 2020 But with the first-in-the-nation Iowa contest now just days away, the gay former mayor of South Bend, Indiana, is increasingly making morality and theology a key part of his closing pitch to caucusgoers, even quoting scripture on the stump. NBC News, "With Iowa on the line, Buttigieg leans into his faith," 1 Feb. 2020

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'theology.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of theology

14th century, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for theology

Middle English theologie, from Anglo-French, from Latin theologia, from Greek, from the- + -logia -logy

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Time Traveler for theology

Time Traveler

The first known use of theology was in the 14th century

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Statistics for theology

Last Updated

6 Apr 2020

Cite this Entry

“Theology.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 6 Apr. 2020.

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How to pronounce theology (audio)

English Language Learners Definition of theology

: the study of religious faith, practice, and experience : the study of God and God's relation to the world
: a system of religious beliefs or ideas


the·​ol·​o·​gy | \ thē-ˈä-lə-jē How to pronounce theology (audio) \
plural theologies

Kids Definition of theology

: the study and explanation of religious faith, practice, and experience

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