synanthrope

noun syn·an·thrope \ ˈsi-nan-ˌthrōp \

Definition of synanthrope

plural synanthropes
:an undomesticated organism and especially an animal (such as a mouse, pigeon, or raccoon) that lives in close association with people and benefits from their surroundings and activities
  • Such birds were synanthropes … that is, born wild but inherently predisposed toward associating themselves with humans.
  • —David QuammenWild Thoughts from Wild Places1998

synanthropic

play \ˌsi-nan-ˈthrä-pik\ adjective
    • This and other experiments have established a circumstantial case for the role of the synanthropic fly as a disease vector.
    • —James C. RileyAmerican Historical ReviewOctober 1986

synanthropy

play \si-ˈnan(t)-thrə-pē\ noun
    • The best explanation of this major development in crow synanthropy is that cities provide protection from being shot, safety from hawks and owls—their major predators—and greater ambient warmth.
    • —Daniel W. GadeGeographical Review1 Apr. 2010

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Origin and Etymology of synanthrope

noun derivative of earlier synanthrope, adjective, “(of plants) adapted to places lived in or frequented by humans,” borrowed from French, coinage (after misanthropemisanthrope, philanthropephilanthrope, etc.) on the basis of Greek synanthrōpeúesthai, synanthrōpízein “to live with humans,” verbal derivative from syn-syn- + ánthrōpos “human being”
Note: Term introduced by the German botanist Theodor von Heldreich (1822-1902) in “L’Attique au point de vue des caractères de sa végétation,” Congrès internationale de botanique et d’horticulture, tenu à Paris du 16 au 24 août 1878 (No. 18 of Comptes rendus sténographiques publiés sous les auspices du Comité Central des Congrès et Conférences), Paris, 1880, p. 116.


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