13th century, in the meaning defined above
Middle English surcote, from Anglo-French, from sur- + cote coat
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From the Editors at Merriam-Webster
9 Misnomers and Misleading Names
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Cite this Entry
“Surcoat.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/surcoat. Accessed 16 Aug. 2022.
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Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about surcoat
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