substorm

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noun sub·storm \ˈsəb-ˌstȯrm\

Definition of substorm

  1. :  a disturbance in the magnetosphere that manifests as increased activity in the aurora (see aurora 3) and that is caused by an influx of high-energy particles from the sun (as from a solar flare) Even when the sun is being well behaved, parcels of plasma shoot sporadically toward Earth's dark side, prompting a bright aurora and intensifying radiation belts. These events, called substorms, last only a few hours, but they occur several hundred times a year and are quite capable of disrupting satellites … — Tim Beardsley

1961

First Known Use of substorm

1961


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