stolon

noun
sto·​lon | \ ˈstō-lən How to pronounce stolon (audio) , -ˌlän \

Definition of stolon

1a : a horizontal branch from the base of a plant that produces new plants from buds at its tip or nodes (as in the strawberry)

called also runner

b : a hypha (as of rhizopus) produced on the surface and connecting a group of conidiophores
2 : an extension of the body wall (as of a hydrozoan or bryozoan) that develops buds giving rise to new zooids which usually remain united by the stolon

Illustration of stolon

Illustration of stolon

S stolon 1a

Examples of stolon in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Each of the animal’s many terminal openings forms something called a stolon that grows eyes and a brain, reports Mindy Weisberger for Live Science. Alex Fox, Smithsonian Magazine, 12 May 2021 Warm-Season Grasses Bermudagrass has dark green pointed leaves and a vibrant root system of rhizomes and stolons that spread out both below and above the ground. Joseph Truini, Popular Mechanics, 19 Apr. 2020 The former spreads by stolons, the latter is a more obedient clumper. Washington Post, 29 Oct. 2019 Adding too much nitrogen in the fertilizer, will make the plant produce leaves and stolons (runners with another plant on the end) and less flowers. oregonlive.com, 27 July 2019 Most mint plants spread rampantly, forming a thick mat of spreading stolons (creeping underground stems) just under the surface of the ground. The Editors, Good Housekeeping, 22 Aug. 2018 Turf like creeping bentgrass and Kentucky bluegrass produce rhizomes and stolons. OregonLive.com, 6 Mar. 2018 Al Shay, OSU Extension horticulturist Reality: Clippings don't cause thatch, thatch is caused by lateral growth of the grass – more specifically, by rhizomes, which are the below-ground lateral growth, and stolons, the above-ground lateral growth. OregonLive.com, 6 Mar. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'stolon.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of stolon

1601, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

History and Etymology for stolon

New Latin stolon-, stolo, from Latin, branch, sucker; akin to Old English stela stalk, Armenian stełn branch

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Last Updated

25 May 2021

Cite this Entry

“Stolon.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/stolon. Accessed 18 Jun. 2021.

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More from Merriam-Webster on stolon

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about stolon

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