sprain

1 of 2

noun

1
: a sudden or violent twist or wrench of a joint with stretching or tearing of ligaments
2
: a sprained condition

sprain

2 of 2

verb

sprained; spraining; sprains

transitive verb

: to injure by a sudden or severe twist

Examples of sprain in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web
Noun
Rams punter Ethan Evans has been nursing an ankle sprain suffered against the Cowboys. Gary Klein, Los Angeles Times, 3 Nov. 2023 Receivers Steven Harris and Richard Smith turned in huge plays after George Wilson went down with a high ankle sprain. Tom Murphy, Arkansas Online, 14 Oct. 2023 Reports say Tannehill has a high ankle sprain, which could keep him out around six weeks. Ryan Morik, Fox News, 25 Oct. 2023 Yahoo: 1%): Tennessee starter Ryan Tannehill is currently in a cast for a high-ankle sprain and doubtful to play this week. Eddie Brown, San Diego Union-Tribune, 24 Oct. 2023 Kupp missed the final eight games of the 2022 season due to a high ankle sprain. Tyler Dragon, USA TODAY, 31 Aug. 2023 Ryan Tannehill suffered a high-ankle sprain during Sunday’s loss in London. Eddie Brown, San Diego Union-Tribune, 19 Oct. 2023 His career with the Fighting Irish was plagued by injuries, notably a left shoulder sprain that kept him sidelined for most of 2022. Nick Alvarez | Nalvarez@al.com, al, 15 Sep. 2023 Blue Jays third baseman Matt Chapman went on the 10-day IL on Monday with a right middle finger sprain. Associated Press, BostonGlobe.com, 29 Aug. 2023
Verb
Anyone who has ever sprained an ankle, been stung by a bee, or overcome a cold has experienced inflammation. Claire Bugos, Verywell Health, 18 Oct. 2023 Clippers backup center Mason Plumlee sprained the medial collateral ligament in his left knee during Monday’s loss at New York and will return to Los Angeles to have the injury reevaluated, according to a person with knowledge of the plans but not authorized to speak publicly on the matter. Andrew Greif, Los Angeles Times, 8 Nov. 2023 Rams 26, Cardinals 9: Kyren Williams suffered an ankle injury and backup Ronnie Rivers sprained his PCL against Arizona. Eddie Brown, San Diego Union-Tribune, 19 Oct. 2023 Days after he was announced as the Clippers’ fifth starter, Terance Mann will miss the season opener after spraining an ankle Monday during practice, the team said. Houston Mitchell, Los Angeles Times, 25 Oct. 2023 Smith hasn’t played for the U.S. since spraining her right knee following the World Cup. San Diego Union-Tribune, 19 Oct. 2023 These are signs that it may be broken or dislocated rather than just sprained. Stacey Colino, Parents, 20 Sep. 2023 And how frequently does the policyholder plan on catching a cold or spraining their ankle while on the property? Wilson M. Sims, Longreads, 7 Sep. 2023 Randle had started the first 77 games of the season before spraining the ankle on March 29 in a victory over Miami. BostonGlobe.com, 3 June 2023 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'sprain.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

Etymology

Noun

origin unknown

First Known Use

Noun

1601, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Verb

1622, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of sprain was in 1601

Dictionary Entries Near sprain

Cite this Entry

“Sprain.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/sprain. Accessed 3 Dec. 2023.

Kids Definition

sprain

1 of 2 noun
1
: a sudden or severe twisting of a joint with stretching or tearing of ligaments
2
: a condition that results from a sprain and is usually marked by pain and swelling

sprain

2 of 2 verb
: to injure by a sudden or severe twist

Medical Definition

sprain

1 of 2 noun
: a sudden or violent twist or wrench of a joint causing the stretching or tearing of ligaments and often rupture of blood vessels with hemorrhage into the tissues
also : the condition resulting from a sprain that is usually marked by swelling, inflammation, hemorrhage, and discoloration compare strain entry 3 sense b

sprain

2 of 2 transitive verb
: to weaken (a joint or ligament) by sudden and violent twisting or wrenching : stretch (ligaments) injuriously without dislocation of the joint

More from Merriam-Webster on sprain

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