solvent

adjective
sol·​vent | \ ˈsäl-vənt How to pronounce solvent (audio) , ˈsȯl-\

Definition of solvent

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1 : able to pay all legal debts a solvent company
2 : that dissolves or can dissolve solvent action of water

solvent

noun

Definition of solvent (Entry 2 of 2)

1 : a usually liquid substance capable of dissolving or dispersing one or more other substances
2 : something that provides a solution
3 : something that eliminates or attenuates something especially unwanted

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Other Words from solvent

Adjective

solvently adverb

Noun

solventless \ ˈsäl-​vənt-​ləs How to pronounce solventless (audio) , ˈsȯl-​ \ adjective

Examples of solvent in a Sentence

Adjective

He couldn't stay solvent after losing his business.

Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

Vape juices are typically made by mixing nicotine and flavorings with a solvent — often propylene glycol, vegetable glycerine, or a mixture of the two. Rachel Becker, The Verge, "Vape flavors can make nasty new chemicals in your e-liquid," 18 Oct. 2018 Paint and Gasoline Most automotive paint used in the aftermarket is solvent-based, either enamel or lacquer. Mike Allen, Popular Mechanics, "How to Dispose of Hazardous Waste Without Damaging the Environment," 9 Oct. 2018 Incidents detailed in the report include using a solvent to clean valves without checking with the valve manufacturer; the improper solvent damaged the valves and forced their replacement. John Timmer, Ars Technica, "Webb Space Telescope pushed back again, won’t launch until 2021," 27 June 2018 Any small leaks let the solvent evaporate off at the site, sealing the area with latex. John Timmer, Ars Technica, "How bicycles have changed in the last 25 years," 10 Nov. 2018 Humor is the universal solvent against the abrasive elements of life. Lauren Hubbard, Town & Country, "Read Alan Simpson's Full Eulogy Honoring George H.W. Bush," 5 Dec. 2018 Contaminants, such as microorganisms like E. coli, pesticides, solvent byproducts used to synthesize marijuana oils, or heavy metals. Michael Zoorob, Washington Post, "How will you know if there’s E. coli in your marijuana? No one’s figured out how to test and regulate it yet.," 19 Mar. 2018 The National Flood Insurance program was solvent through 2004. Patrick Sisson, Curbed, "Flood insurance is broken," 20 Sep. 2018 Based on estimates in the trustees report, the more immigrants that come in, the longer the Social Security system will stay solvent. Alexia Fernández Campbell, Vox, "Why baby boomers need immigrants to fund their retirement, in 2 charts," 1 Aug. 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Noun

By gradually raising the concentrations of a powerful industrial solvent over multiple generations, another enzyme was evolved that could still work in a 60-percent solvent/40-percent water mix. John Timmer, Ars Technica, "Nobel awarded for using Darwin’s ideas to make antibodies and catalysts," 3 Oct. 2018 Using a clean, white cloth, sponge the stain with a dry-cleaning solvent like Guardsman Professional Strength Dry Cleaning Fluid. Caroline Picard, Good Housekeeping, "How to Remove Vomit Stains From Carpet, Clothing, and More," 5 Mar. 2019 This type of pollution is generally caused by motor vehicle exhaust, industrial emissions, gasoline vapors, and chemical solvents, NOAA says. Korin Miller, SELF, "How to Stay Safe When Your City’s Air Quality Is Dangerous," 21 Aug. 2018 Blot until the solvent is absorbed and repeat until the stain disappears. Lauren Smith, Good Housekeeping, "How to Get Coffee Stains Out of Absolutely Everything," 6 Sep. 2018 Brake fluid and other solvents can be left to dry out in a pan of kitty litter. Mike Allen, Popular Mechanics, "How to Dispose of Hazardous Waste Without Damaging the Environment," 9 Oct. 2018 Finally, the solvents are distilled out of the oily liquid and recycled over and over again. Clifford Krauss, The Seattle Times, "Canadian firm tests new process to turn Utah sands into oil," 27 Aug. 2018 The spill initially was thought to be all acetone — a solvent used in many nail polish removers that can irritate the nose, throat, eye and skin at moderate to high levels of exposure. Joy Resmovits, latimes.com, "A chemical spill, unchecked eyewash stations, poor training: Audit details Cal State's lax lab safety," 25 Apr. 2018 The company says its cocktail of solvents can separate oil from rocks at little cost and with no water or air pollution. Clifford Krauss, The Seattle Times, "Canadian firm tests new process to turn Utah sands into oil," 27 Aug. 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'solvent.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of solvent

Adjective

1630, in the meaning defined at sense 1

Noun

1671, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for solvent

Adjective

Latin solvent-, solvens, present participle of solvere to dissolve, pay

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Statistics for solvent

Last Updated

25 May 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for solvent

The first known use of solvent was in 1630

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More Definitions for solvent

solvent

adjective

English Language Learners Definition of solvent

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: able to pay debts

solvent

noun

English Language Learners Definition of solvent (Entry 2 of 2)

technical : a liquid substance that is used to dissolve another substance

solvent

noun
sol·​vent | \ ˈsäl-vənt How to pronounce solvent (audio) , ˈsȯl-\

Kids Definition of solvent

: a usually liquid substance in which other substances can be dissolved or dispersed Turpentine is a solvent for paint.

solvent

adjective
sol·​vent | \ ˈsäl-vənt, ˈsȯl- How to pronounce solvent (audio) \

Medical Definition of solvent

 (Entry 1 of 2)

: that dissolves or can dissolve solvent fluids solvent action of water

solvent

noun

Medical Definition of solvent (Entry 2 of 2)

: a substance capable of or used in dissolving or dispersing one or more other substances especially : a liquid component of a solution present in greater amount than the solute

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solvent

adjective
sol·​vent | \ ˈsäl-vənt How to pronounce solvent (audio) \

Legal Definition of solvent

: able to pay all legal debts as they become due

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More from Merriam-Webster on solvent

Spanish Central: Translation of solvent

Nglish: Translation of solvent for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of solvent for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about solvent

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