sod·​den | \ ˈsä-dᵊn How to pronounce sodden (audio) \

Definition of sodden

 (Entry 1 of 2)

1a : dull or expressionless especially from continued indulgence in alcoholic beverages sodden features
b : torpid, sluggish sodden minds
2a : heavy with or as if with moisture or water the sodden ground
b : heavy or doughy because of imperfect cooking sodden biscuits


soddened; soddening\ ˈsäd-​niŋ How to pronounce soddening (audio) , ˈsä-​dᵊn-​iŋ \

Definition of sodden (Entry 2 of 2)

transitive verb

: to make sodden

intransitive verb

: to become soaked or saturated

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Other Words from sodden


soddenly adverb
soddenness \ ˈsä-​dᵊn-​(n)əs How to pronounce soddenness (audio) \ noun

Did You Know?


Nowadays, seethed is the past tense and past participle form of the verb seethe (which originally meant "to boil or stew"). Originally, however, seethe could also be conjugated in the past tense as sod and in the past participle as sodden. By the 14th century, sodden had become an independent adjective synonymous with "boiled." And, by the 16th century, it had taken on the figurative sense used to describe someone who appears dull, expressionless, or stupid, particularly as a result of heavy drink. Today, sodden is commonly used as a synonym of soaked or saturated. Seethe followed a different figurative path: while one who is sodden may appear dull, torpid, or sluggish, one who is seething is highly agitated, like a pot of boiling water.

Examples of sodden in a Sentence


eyes peering out between strands of sodden hair


soldiers' boots that were soddened by endless hours in muddy trenches cornflakes that had been soddened in milk to the point of mush
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Recent Examples on the Web: Adjective

What remains, more than two weeks after the cyclone made landfall, is a sodden landscape of disconnectedness and grief. Cara Anna, The Seattle Times, "‘It’s not safe anywhere:’ Mozambique cyclone scattered lives," 30 Mar. 2019 And on the sodden Wembley turf this team looked like one in desperate need of a rebuild, with Derek Carr incapable of moving the chains despite utilising nine different pass-catchers and the defensive unit unable to stop Russell Wilson. Seattle Times Sports Staff, The Seattle Times, "What the (inter)national media are saying about the Seahawks’ 27-3 trouncing of the Oakland Raiders," 15 Oct. 2018 With clothes and face a sodden green, / Big-bellied, spectacled, crop-haired, / Dribbling black blood from nose and beard. David Yezzi, WSJ, "‘Robert Graves’ Review: A Poet of Love and War," 23 Nov. 2018 Your fry, once golden and crunchy, has been demeaned to a sodden, sad, cold, and worthless potato strand. Megan Ditrolio, Marie Claire, "Unpopular Opinion: Condiments Are Disgusting," 21 Nov. 2018 The president helped hand out meals at a Baptist church serving as a food distribution center and walked along a neighborhood street strewn with trash, branches and sodden furniture. Fox News, "The Latest: Trump assures South Carolina as flooding lingers," 19 Sep. 2018 On other courses that remained open, the ground has been too sodden for carts, and the conditions have left employees idle. Jerome Campbell And Margeaux Sippell,, "Hey — what happened to spring?," 20 Apr. 2018 Civil twilight provides enough lumens to read a book outside, pull weeds in your garden or anticipate bumps on a path of sodden wood chips. Ned Rozell, Anchorage Daily News, "What it’s like to run circles for 24 hours around the land of no night," 9 June 2018 Austria provided a spirited second half performance to record a shock 2-1 win against Germany in a rain-sodden game in Klagenfurt., "Austria 2-1 Germany: Spirited Second Half Performance From Hosts Stuns World Cup Holders in Friendly," 2 June 2018

Recent Examples on the Web: Verb

Needless to say, with soils already sodden in the southeast, this would present a dire scenario for inland flooding. Eric Berger, Ars Technica, "The Hurricane Florence forecast has gone from bad to worse," 12 Sep. 2018 Her first album in just as long is 20 minutes shorter than The Woman in Me, her multiplatinum 1993 breakthrough released at the height of her fire for Lange, and far less tethered to sodden balladry. Dan Weiss, Billboard, "Shania Twain's 'Now': Not Quite Her 'Lemonade,' But Her First Album in 15 Years Couldn't Have Existed Without It (Critic's Take)," 4 Oct. 2017 Before the fire, the ground was a carpet of moss, huckleberry bushes, and sword and bracken ferns, and was usually sodden with rain for about nine months of the year or more. Madeline Ostrander, Smithsonian, "The National Parks Face a Looming Existential Crisis," 14 Sep. 2017

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sodden.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sodden


1589, in the meaning defined at sense 1a


1812, in the meaning defined at transitive sense

History and Etymology for sodden


Middle English soden, from past participle of sethen to seethe

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Dictionary Entries near sodden

sod cloth

sod crop

sod culture





Statistics for sodden

Last Updated

18 Apr 2019

Look-up Popularity

Time Traveler for sodden

The first known use of sodden was in 1589

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More Definitions for sodden



English Language Learners Definition of sodden

: very heavy and wet


sod·​den | \ ˈsä-dᵊn How to pronounce sodden (audio) \

Kids Definition of sodden

: soggy sodden fields

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More from Merriam-Webster on sodden

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with sodden

Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for sodden

Spanish Central: Translation of sodden

Nglish: Translation of sodden for Spanish Speakers

Comments on sodden

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a secret plot to overthrow a government

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