sociology

noun
so·​ci·​ol·​o·​gy | \ ˌsō-sē-ˈä-lə-jē , ˌsō-shē-\

Definition of sociology

1 : the science of society, social institutions, and social relationships specifically : the systematic study of the development, structure, interaction, and collective behavior of organized groups of human beings
2 : the scientific analysis of a social institution as a functioning whole and as it relates to the rest of society

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Other Words from sociology

sociologist \ ˌsō-​sē-​ˈä-​lə-​jist ˌsō-​shē-​ \ noun

Examples of sociology in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web

Abigail Saguy, a professor of sociology and gender at UCLA, said reports of women harassing men have been rare in part because the power dynamic, often a driver of harassing behavior, favors men in the workplace. Melanie Mason, latimes.com, "Sexual misconduct accusations against California assemblywoman twist gender dynamics of #MeToo movement," 10 Feb. 2018 Alexandra Kalev, an associate professor of sociology and anthropology at Tel Aviv University, said via email. Martha C. White, NBC News, "#MeToo in the boardroom: It takes more than a “symbolic gesture” to change corporate culture," 11 Jan. 2018 As well, a study in 2017 by Robert Adelman, a sociology professor at University of Buffalo, analyzed 40 years of crime data in 200 metropolitan areas and found that immigrants helped lower crime. Hope Yen, The Seattle Times, "AP fact check: Trump isn’t holed up nonstop at White House," 14 Jan. 2019 Elijah Anderson is the Lanman professor of sociology at Yale University. Elijah Anderson, Vox, "The sociology of living while black," 10 Aug. 2018 Diane Sicotte, a sociology professor at Drexel University who focuses on environmental justice, wrote From Workshop to Waste Magnet: Environmental Inequality in the Philadelphia Region. Patrick Sisson, Curbed, "Booming postindustrial neighborhoods often overlook polluted past," 9 Oct. 2018 Another friend, Kelsea, a PhD student in sociology, suffers from a similar perspective on internet addiction from inside of a relationship. Carrie Battan, Harper's BAZAAR, "Escaping the Seduction of Your Smartphone," 26 July 2018 There’s a link between intense school-year employment — 20 or more hours a week — and the risk of dropping out, said Jeremy Staff, a professor of sociology and criminology at Penn State University. Ann Carrns, New York Times, "The Virtues of a Summer Job," 13 July 2018 The new paper updates a study on migrating millionaires that Varner and Stanford sociology Professor Cristobal Young published in 2012. Kathleen Pender, SFChronicle.com, "Dozens of millionaires fled California after 2012 tax increase, study says," 6 July 2018

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'sociology.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of sociology

1842, in the meaning defined at sense 1

History and Etymology for sociology

French sociologie, from socio- + -logie -logy

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Statistics for sociology

Last Updated

17 Feb 2019

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Time Traveler for sociology

The first known use of sociology was in 1842

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More Definitions for sociology

sociology

noun

English Language Learners Definition of sociology

: the study of society, social institutions, and social relationships

sociology

noun
so·​ci·​ol·​o·​gy | \ ˌsō-sē-ˈäl-ə-jē , ˌsō-shē- \
plural sociologies

Medical Definition of sociology

: the science of society, social institutions, and social relationships specifically : the systematic study of the development, structure, interaction, and collective behavior of organized groups of human beings

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More from Merriam-Webster on sociology

Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with sociology

Spanish Central: Translation of sociology

Nglish: Translation of sociology for Spanish Speakers

Britannica English: Translation of sociology for Arabic Speakers

Britannica.com: Encyclopedia article about sociology

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