simile

noun
sim·​i·​le | \ ˈsi-mə-(ˌ)lē How to pronounce simile (audio) \

Definition of simile

: a figure of speech comparing two unlike things that is often introduced by like or as (as in cheeks like roses) — compare metaphor

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Simile vs. Metaphor

Many people have trouble distinguishing between simile and metaphor. A glance at their Latin and Greek roots offers a simple way of telling these two closely-related figures of speech apart. Simile comes from the Latin word similis (meaning “similar, like”), which seems fitting, since the comparison indicated by a simile will typically contain the words as or like. Metaphor, on the other hand, comes from the Greek word metapherein (“to transfer”), which is also fitting, since a metaphor is used in place of something. “My love is like a red, red rose” is a simile, and “love is a rose” is a metaphor.

Examples of simile in a Sentence

But Dickens finds the unexpected detail, the vivid simile. Think of Joe Gargery in Great Expectations, "with eyes of such a very undecided blue that they seemed to have somehow got mixed with their own whites." Or, in David Copperfield, Dora's cousin "in the Life-Guards, with such long legs that he looked like the afternoon shadow of somebody else." — James Wood, New Republic, 14 Dec. 1998 After the internship year, doctors assume greater responsibility for directing patient care. Dr. Shockcor at West Virginia offered a homely simile: "It's like working in a factory, putting doors on cars. I'm now responsible that the doors get put on right, whereas as an intern I had to make sure I had a door in my hands and didn't miss a car going by." — Michael Harwood, New York Times Magazine, 3 June1984 “She's as fierce as a tiger” is a simile, but “She's a tiger when she's angry” is a metaphor. What do you think of the author's use of simile?
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Recent Examples on the Web And this type of mock simile—comparing small culinary errors to eye-catching calamities—has become the restaurant review’s definitive literary device. Theodore Gioia, The New Republic, "Death to the Negative Restaurant Review," 16 Dec. 2020 The Harry Potter series is often the choice for simile for many my age or younger. Luther Ray Abel, National Review, "How Biblical Illiteracy Is Ruining the Humanities," 17 Sep. 2020 An effective simile must feel appropriate to the situation. Gary Gilson, Star Tribune, "Similes are like a breath of fresh air; metaphors are a breath of fresh air," 29 Aug. 2020 This simile becomes increasingly literal as the story progresses. Megan Evershed, The New Republic, "Reading the Literature of Grief During a Pandemic," 9 July 2020 Horace goes off on tangents, extends similes beyond their relevance, circles back to topics already covered. Gregory Hays, The New York Review of Books, "Horace’s How-To," 27 May 2020 Throughout the markup, there has been a long list of clichés, similes, metaphors and allusions — some good, some not so good — as lawmakers trudge ahead with a marathon debate on the two articles of impeachment. NBC News, "Democrats vote down GOP amendment on aid to Ukraine," 13 Dec. 2019 This simile has now extended to a discussion of their physicality and defense. Phil Davis, baltimoresun.com, "‘The Wire’ vs. ‘Melrose Place’? ‘Monday Night Football’ announcers compare TV shows to Ravens, Rams," 25 Nov. 2019 In apparent homage to this simile, the parade’s delivery drivers wore yellow and black hats topped with bee antennae, like heroes in a children’s book. The Economist, "Xi’s embrace of false history and fearsome weapons is worrying," 3 Oct. 2019

These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'simile.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.

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First Known Use of simile

15th century, in the meaning defined above

History and Etymology for simile

Middle English, from Latin, comparison, from neuter of similis

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Learn More about simile

Time Traveler for simile

Time Traveler

The first known use of simile was in the 15th century

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Statistics for simile

Cite this Entry

“Simile.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/simile. Accessed 16 May. 2021.

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More Definitions for simile

simile

noun

English Language Learners Definition of simile

grammar : a phrase that uses the words like or as to describe someone or something by comparing it with someone or something else that is similar

simile

noun
sim·​i·​le | \ ˈsi-mə-ˌlē How to pronounce simile (audio) \

Kids Definition of simile

: a figure of speech comparing two unlike things using like or as “Their cheeks are like roses” is a simile. “Their cheeks are roses” is a metaphor.

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