shoulder girdle


: the bony or cartilaginous arch that supports the forelimbs of a vertebrate and in humans is made up of the scapula and clavicle

called also pectoral girdle

Examples of shoulder girdle in a Sentence

Recent Examples on the Web Planks can improve shoulder girdle stability for heavy overhead lifts while also addressing core strength and endurance to improve stability for just about any sport or workout. Brett Williams, Men's Health, 18 May 2023 The latissimus is a powerful muscle that depresses the clavicle and scapula—the shoulder girdle—and lifts the waist up to the arms, while also pulling the upper arm bones toward the trunk and into shoulder extension and adduction (see the illustration below). Esther Smith, Outside Online, 9 Sep. 2022 The whole area, or shoulder girdle, allows for upper body movement. David Otey, Men's Health, 10 Feb. 2023 The dinosaur has also hung on to 65 percent of its original phalange, ulna, humeri and shoulder girdle. Dana Givens, Robb Report, 5 Dec. 2022 Fanjingshania's shoulder girdle, with its array of fin spines, was obvious to the scientists from the beginning as a key to determining the new species' evolutionary position. Melissa Cristina Márquez, Forbes, 10 Oct. 2022 The pushing movement promotes strength in the arms, shoulder girdle and core. Dana Santas, CNN, 7 May 2021 This feature – in addition to our loose shoulder girdle – makes humans the best throwers in the animal kingdom. Kiersten Formoso, The Conversation, 29 Mar. 2021 Its shoulder girdle was partially comprised of cartilage. Ashley Strickland, CNN, 23 Oct. 2019 See More

These examples are programmatically compiled from various online sources to illustrate current usage of the word 'shoulder girdle.' Any opinions expressed in the examples do not represent those of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback about these examples.

Word History

First Known Use

1868, in the meaning defined above

Time Traveler
The first known use of shoulder girdle was in 1868

Dictionary Entries Near shoulder girdle

Cite this Entry

“Shoulder girdle.” Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, Accessed 24 Feb. 2024.

Medical Definition

shoulder girdle

: the bony or cartilaginous arch supporting the forelimbs of a vertebrate that corresponds to the pelvic girdle of the hind limbs but is usually not attached to the spinal column and that consists in lower forms of a single cartilage on each side which in higher forms becomes ossified, divided into the scapula above and the precoracoid and coracoid below, and complicated by the addition or substitution of one or more membrane bones and which in humans is highly modified with the scapula alone of the original elements well developed, the coracoid being represented only by the coracoid process of the scapula, and the precoracoid being replaced by the clavicle that connects the scapula with the sternum and is the only bony connection of the arm bones with the rest of the skeleton

called also pectoral girdle

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