shigella

play
noun shi·gel·la \shi-ˈge-lə\

Definition of shigella

plural

shigellae

play \-ˈge-(ˌ)lē, -(ˌ)lī\ also

shigellas

  1. 1 :  any of a genus (Shigella) of nonmotile enterobacteria that cause dysenteries in animals and especially humans — see enterobacterium illustration

  2. 2 :  shigellosis

Origin and Etymology of shigella

New Latin, from Kiyoshi Shiga †1957 Japanese bacteriologist


First Known Use: 1937


Medical Dictionary

shigella

play
noun shi·gel·la \shi-ˈgel-ə\

Medical Definition of shigella

  1. 1 capitalized :  a genus of nonmotile aerobic bacteria of the family Enterobacteriaceae that form acid but no gas on many carbohydrates and that cause dysenteries in animals and especially humans

  2. 2plural shigellae \-ˌē\play also shigellas :  any bacterium of the genus Shigella

  3. 3:  shigellosis


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