shammash

noun sham·mash
variants: or shamash or shammas or shamas or shammes or shames or shammos or shamus \ˈshäməs\

Definition of shammash

plural shammashim or shamashim or shammasim or shamasim or shammosim or shamosim \shäˈmȯsə̇m, -sēm\
1 :the sexton of a synagogue
2 :the candle or taper used to light the other candles in a Hanukkah menorah

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Origin and Etymology of shammash

Yiddish & Middle Hebrew; Yiddish shames, from Middle Hebrew shāmmāsh, from Aramaic shĕmmāsh to serve


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a ram's-horn trumpet used in Judaism

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