scho·​las·​ti·​cism | \skə-ˈla-stə-ˌsi-zəm \

Definition of scholasticism 

1 capitalized

a : a philosophical movement dominant in western Christian civilization from the 9th until the 17th century and combining religious dogma with the mystical and intuitional tradition of patristic philosophy especially of St. Augustine and later with Aristotelianism

b : neo-scholasticism

2a : close adherence to the traditional teachings or methods of a school or sect

b : pedantic adherence to scholarly methods

First Known Use of scholasticism

1706, in the meaning defined at sense 1a

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The first known use of scholasticism was in 1706

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the figure or shape of a crescent moon

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